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Topic 10 best online institute for SSC Exam preparation 

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Top 10 online Institute to clear SSC exams

SSC or Staff Selection Commission is an examination to rent applicants in Government of India departments and organizations. Every year lakhs of aspirants seem withinside the exam centers. For students who’re desperately pursuing their profession in authorities task, SSC is one of the alternatives to satisfy their desires.

The research declares that each year hundreds of thousands of college students are related to this SSC examination. This article all approximately Cheapest Online SSC Coaching and all of the statistics associated with Cheapest Online SSC Coaching.

Related: Download SSC CGL previous year’s question paper

Plutus Academy Online SSC Coaching 

Plutus Academy is one of the first-class academies for SSC academy. It has first-class teachers and a confident Institute. Plutus Academy is a first-class institute for aggressive exams. Management will offer appropriate centers for students, and appropriate faculty, Real Intensive Program(RIP) lets you take advantage of extra topics and to attain appropriate marks. Best SSC online training has a first-rate coaching staff. 

  • Address: Best Online SSC Coaching 
  • Contact Number: 8123002808 

Vidya Guru is an SSC Coaching institute 

Vidya Guru is an SSC Coaching institute. It offers the possibility to come upon a web assessment and mastering module that allows college students to apprehend their strengths and weaknesses. A pupil ought to recognize wherein they stand to excel in this aggressive world, and this organization lets in its college students to do so. 

Why Choose us? 

Some of the motives to pick out this organization on your SSC instruction are: 

  • 300+ SSC video lectures 
  • Excellent college members 
  • Time-saving shortcuts & tricks 
  • Exam-oriented teaching 
  • Quality examine material
  • Online check series 

How many SSC have we created? 

The training organization furnished no information 

  • Address: 20/1A, 2nd Floor, Prem Nagar, Jail Road, Near Tilak Nagar Metro Station, New Delhi – 110058 
  • Contact Number: +91-9650549487, +91-9650549587 
  • Email: vidyagurudelhi@gmail.com 

The Hinduzone Online SSC Coaching 

The Hinduzone online SSC training is the first-rate institute for critical process aspirants. Hinduzone academy-specific examination shape complements the aggressive spirit in you. Real extensive software that is carried out earlier than checks is pretty useful to stable more than one job and enhance self-assurance. Highly encouraged by this institute, in case you are an aspirant for a central authority process. 

  • Contact Details and Address 
  • Address: Best Online SSC Coaching 
  • Contact Number: +918800222298 

Paramount Online SSC Coaching 

The paramount training academy commits to offering excellent SSC education for aspirants. The college covers the whole lot from essential ideas to strengthening withinside the syllabus. They have a look at substances and document classes are exceptional for candidates. The instructors are professionals and have a veteran of SSC training. 

  • Address: 704, 1st Floor, Near Batra Cinema, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar, Delhi – 110009.
  • Contact: 099588 43334 

Excel Online SSC Coaching 

Excel online IAS training is the fine institute for any aggressive exams. Excel online SSC

training will continually be one step beforehand as some distance as students` guidance is concerned. The packages Excel conducts like actual in-depth packages. Battle of brains are especially preferred and no different organization can do those packages with high quality leaning. 

  • Contact Details and Address 
  • Address: Best Online SSC Coaching 
  • Contact Number: 099997 80050 

Career Power Cheapest Online SSC Coaching 

Career Power is the main schooling institute for SSC Coaching. The academy instils SSC-CGL/CHSL/CPO and different aggressive assessments through online classes. The school presents observed substances and reports video periods that assist college students to construct self belief in assessments. The school accompanies the pupil till he/she writes an exam. The online instructor remediates pupil`s doubts withinside the challenge through visible lecture room and observe substances. 

  • Contact Details and Address -: 
  • Address: A – 18, Gurunanak Pura, Laxmi Nagar Near Nirman Vihar Metro Station, Delhi-110092, India, Delhi, 110092 
  • Phone: 087505 05082 

Related: SSC CGL detailed Syllabus

Tara Institute Online SSC Coaching 

Tara Institute is an exceptional institute and could assist you to Crack every and each exam. RIP software is high-quality for any institute. Has exceptional lecturers who enable you in learning the subject. They will make sure of your success. Hope you’ll revel in this stunning Institute of aggressive environment. 

  • Contact Details and Address 
  • Address: Best Online SSC Coaching 
  • Contact Number: 099997 36252 

Focus Classes Online SSC Coaching 

Focus Classes Online SSC Coaching is one of the exceptional online SSC training with

first-rate faculties, who usually thrive to your success. You will thank me for becoming a member of Focus Classes. 

Online SSC Coaching precious Institute. Has first rate evaluations of almost 4.7 out of 10 in google. 

  • Contact Details and Address 
  • Address: Best Online SSC Coaching 
  • Contact Number: 090042 21594 

Study Campus Online SSC Coaching 

Focus Classes Online SSC Coaching is one of the exceptional on-line SSC training with first rate faculties, who usually thrive to your success. You will thank you for becoming a member of Focus Classes. 

Online SSC Coaching precious Institute. Has first rate evaluations of almost 4.7 out of 10 in google. 

  • Contact Details and Address 
  • Address: Best Online SSC Coaching 
  • Contact Number: 084529 23835 

Success Forum Online SSC Coaching 

Success Forum Online SSC Coaching is one of the Best education facilities Upto the Day. The first-class in presenting facilities. Management is presenting Study Halls, Materials and additionally engaging in Skill enhancement programs, say, RIP etc. Do provide it a try. Success Forum Online SSC Coaching is the first-class education center. 

  • Contact Details and Address 
  • Address: Best Online SSC Coaching 
  • Contact Number: 080828 24200 

What is the Total Cost of SSC Coaching Online SSC Coaching ? 

Total Cost of the SSC Coaching Online SSC Coaching may be in Range of Rs 6000 to Rs.

10,000. It relies upon the SSC Courses and Coaching You pick out for the Civil Services Examination Preparation Online SSC Coaching . We advise you to Check List of Top SSC Coaching Institute Online SSC Coaching Institute Rank Ranking to Finalize Best SSC Coaching Institute Online SSC Coaching – Write My Essay 

Which is the best institute for Cheapest Online SSC Coaching? 

Plutus and Hinduzone both are the best institutes for Online teachers for the Cheapest SSC Online Coaching exam. 

Where can I find good Online SSC Coaching? 

In this article we mention top 10 good online SSC coaching institutes you can click the website link to directly land into the website. Search for good online teachers for UPSC Coaching Exam Preparation in SERP. 

What is the Admission Process of Cheapest Online SSC Coaching? 

The students directly land on the appropriate website to know more details about admission. The administration of the institutes guides aspirants in the Admission process. 

What is the Review of Cheapest Online SSC Coaching? 

Students give very good reviews for online teachers who help the students in the preparation of their Cheapest Online SSC Coaching Exam.

Top 5 Tips for Fruitful NEET 2022 Preparation!

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tips-to-crack-neet-in-first-attempt-ss

NEET exam is an essential medical examination for medical aspirants seeking admission to most of the country’s medical schools. The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test is considered the most rigorous and competitive test in the medical sector. Higher NEET scores will give you a sure-shot admission to some of India’s top-rated and reputable institutes, making it the most popular choice for medical students, says the NEET coaching in Bangalore.

More than simply hard work, discipline, and determination are required to pass the NEET. When nailing the NEET, aspirants go to great lengths to get suitable study materials, revise regularly, and enroll in coaching programs. The test’s competitive nature encourages test-takers to do their best in studying and planning for the NEET and seek advice on studying better and preparing for the exam as per the NEET coaching institute in Bangalore.

Top 5 Tips for Fruitful NEET 2022 Preparation are:

  1. Chalk out a proper Timetable:

The foremost thing you should do is set your test goals, and the easiest way to do that is to make a timetable, says a topper of the NEET coaching center in Bangalore. A timetable can be incredibly beneficial when studying for competitive tests such as the NEET. Plan your day’s entire schedule, including tasks, chapters, and syllabus, and ensure you leave adequate time for revisions, practice exams, mock tests, and other activities. Above all, keep to the schedule you’ve set for yourself. To utilize the most out of your schedule, you must stick to it religiously.

  1. Look for the Current Study Materials:

Studying materials and books are regularly updated these days. Ensure you possess the latest up-to-date study resources. Avoid using materials that are more than ten years old. You can use questions from past years’ papers to practice. It would help if you prepared according to the most recent syllabus because it will help you better strategize your study plans. You may buy the most up-to-date study resources and practice exams based on the most recent NEET syllabus advises the faculty of the NEET coaching classes in Bangalore.

  1. Opt for NEET coaching classes in Bangalore:

Freshers attempting NEET for the first time are usually stressed out about acing the exam. In such cases opting for a NEET coaching class is the best thing. Not only will a coaching center offer you the appropriate study materials, but it will also ensure that you receive your sample examinations regularly. Expert methodology for teaching is aimed at assisting you in solving the most challenging problems on the test, ensuring that you are prepared and confident on the day of the exam at the NEET coaching in Bangalore.

  1. Revision is a Must:

Revising and taking practice examinations are essential if you plan to score high in the NEET exam. It’s better to cover the problematic chapters and topics again. You can start by identifying your skills and limitations and then concentrating on the chapters or topics you struggle with. You can complete as many example papers as you want and make revision notes depending on your results. 

The NEET coaching institute in Bangalore advises all the students to revise an essential part of the NEET preparation strategy. No matter how much you study. Without NEET preparation, every effort will go in vain.

  1. Maintain Mental Peace and Balance:

Don’t neglect your physical and mental health when studying for the NEET. Get plenty of rest and exercise regularly. Having a healthy and balanced diet is essential for improving your focus and concentration levels. Yoga is adequate to keep your mind stress-free. Avoid studying for long periods. A cheerful mind and body will assist you in taking a more positive approach to the NEET, says the expert faculty of the NEET coaching center in Bangalore.

Conclusion:

NEET is a critical exam for all those who want to get a career in the medical field. And without a second thought, we all know that NEET is not easy to crack. It’s challenging but not impossible. With a dedicated approach and religiously following the above mentioned points, one will be able to crack NEET very efficiently in the first attempt, says the NEET coaching in Bangalore. Hence all the best to all the aspirants appearing for NEET 2022 Exam!

Introduction to t-critical value: definition, tables, and examples

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About t-critical Value Definition, Tables, & Examples

In hypothesis testing, the t critical value is frequently used. It allows whether to accept or reject the null hypothesis. If the null hypothesis is rejected, then the alternative hypothesis is accepted. In statistics, hypothesis testing is a way to draw population probability distribution by using the sample data.

While the null hypothesis is an experiment used in hypothesis testing for checking the statistical relationship or significance. In this article, we’ll learn the definition of the t critical value along with a lot of examples.

What is t critical value?

A value that is used to measure the size of the change relative to the variation in the sample statistics data is known as the t critical value. The t critical value is mostly used to measure the difference represented in the units of the standard error.

The evidence of whether the greatest significance difference exists or not in the null hypothesis can be checked by the greater magnitude or closer to zero magnitudes of the t value. If the magnitude of t is greater then there is a greater significant difference.

While if the magnitude of t is closer to zero then there is no significant difference in the null hypothesis. For the acceptance or rejection of the null hypothesis, there are two main regions in critical value. If the null hypothesis is rejected, then the region is called the rejection region.

While if the null hypothesis is accepted, then the region is said to be the non-rejection region. In other words, the critical value has two regions either the rejection region or the non-rejection region that cuts the test statistics value on the scale. 

In the test statistics, the alternative hypothesis must be accepted if the null hypothesis is rejected. The right-tailed, left-tailed, and two-tailed are methods of t critical values. You can use any method to find the t value.

  • The right-tailed test

The right-tailed test is that test in which the values come from the right to measure the area under the density curve. It is denoted by alpha (α).

  • The left tailed test

The left-tailed test is that test in which the values come from the left to measure the area under the density curve. It is denoted by alpha (α).

  • The two-tailed test

The two-tailed test is a test in which half values come from the right (α/2) and the other half values come from the left (α/2). It is denoted by (α).

The degree of freedom (Df) and the significance level (α) must be known to measure the t critical value by using the t table of one-tailed or two-tailed. The degree of freedom (Df) is used to measure the t-value or p-value for t-test problems.

How to measure the t critical value b using the t table of one-tailed or two-tailed?

By using the degree of freedom (Df) and the significance level (α), you can easily find the t critical value from the table. Choose the given degree of freedom from the column and the significance from the rows, then the corresponding value where both the values intersect is said to be the t value.

You can use a critical value calculator to get the result according to the t table of one-tailed or two-tailed. Follow the below steps to use this tool.

Step 1: Select the option i.e., one-tailed or two-tailed.

Step 2: Input the Df and significance level in the boxes.

Step 3: Hit the calculate button below the input box. You will get the result along with the t table up to the given degree of freedom.

T value tables

The one-tailed and two-tailed t tables are given below.

One-tailed t table

Df A = 0.1 0.05 0.025 0.01 0.005 0.001 0.0005
ta= 1.282 1.645 1.960 2.326 2.576 3.091 3.291
1 3.078 6.314 12.706 31.821 63.656 318.289 636.578
2 1.886 2.920 4.303 6.965 9.925 22.328 31.600
3 1.638 2.353 3.182 4.541 5.841 10.214 12.924
4 1.533 2.132 2.776 3.747 4.604 7.173 8.610
5 1.476 2.015 2.571 3.365 4.032 5.894 6.869
6 1.440 1.943 2.447 3.143 3.707 5.208 5.959
7 1.415 1.895 2.365 2.998 3.499 4.785 5.408
8 1.397 1.860 2.306 2.896 3.355 4.501 5.041
9 1.383 1.833 2.262 2.821 3.250 4.297 4.781
10 1.372 1.812 2.228 2.764 3.169 4.144 4.587
11 1.363 1.796 2.201 2.718 3.106 4.025 4.437
12 1.356 1.782 2.179 2.681 3.055 3.930 4.318
13 1.350 1.771 2.160 2.650 3.012 3.852 4.221
14 1.345 1.761 2.145 2.624 2.977 3.787 4.140
15 1.341 1.753 2.131 2.602 2.947 3.733 4.073
16 1.337 1.746 2.120 2.583 2.921 3.686 4.015
17 1.333 1.740 2.110 2.567 2.898 3.646 3.965
18 1.330 1.734 2.101 2.552 2.878 3.610 3.922
19 1.328 1.729 2.093 2.539 2.861 3.579 3.883
20 1.325 1.725 2.086 2.528 2.845 3.552 3.850
21 1.323 1.721 2.080 2.518 2.831 3.527 3.819
22 1.321 1.717 2.074 2.508 2.819 3.505 3.792
23 1.319 1.714 2.069 2.500 2.807 3.485 3.768
24 1.318 1.711 2.064 2.492 2.797 3.467 3.745
25 1.316 1.708 2.060 2.485 2.787 3.450 3.725
1000 1.282 1.646 1.962 2.330 2.581 3.098 3.300

 

Two-tailed t table

Example 1

Find the t critical value by using t tables of one-tailed and the two-tailed if the degree of freedom (Df) is 19 and the significance level (α) 5%.

Solution 

Step 1: Write the given terms in the problem.

The degree of freedom = Df = 19

The significance level = α = 5% = 5/100 = 0.05

Step 2: Use the t table for one-tailed to find the t critical value. First of all, see the column of the degree of freedom and select the given value of Df and then use the first row of the table and match the given significance and take the value where both degrees of freedom and significance level intersect. 

One-tailed t critical value = 1.7401

Step 3: Use the t table for one-tailed to find the t critical value. First of all, see the column of the degree of freedom and select the given value of Df and then use the first row of the table and match the given significance and take the value where both degrees of freedom and significance level intersect.

Two-tailed t critical value = 2.1319

Example 2

Find the t critical value by using t tables of one-tailed and the two-tailed if the degree of freedom (Df) is 103 and the significance level (α) 30%.

Solution 

Step 1: Write the given terms in the problem.

The degree of freedom = Df = 103

The significance level = α = 5% = 30/100 = 3/10 = 0.3

Step 2: Use the t table for one-tailed to find the t critical value. First of all, see the column of the degree of freedom and select the given value of Df and then use the first row of the table and match the given significance and take the value where both degrees of freedom and significance level intersect. 

One-tailed t critical value = 0.5265

Step 3: Use the t table for one-tailed to find the t critical value. First of all, see the column of the degree of freedom and select the given value of Df and then use the first row of the table and match the given significance and take the value where both degrees of freedom and significance level intersect.

Two-tailed t critical value = 1.0422

You can verify the result by using a t value calculator

Summary 

T value is widely used in hypothesis testing. In this article, we have discussed all about the t value along with the tables and solved examples. Now you can solve any problem of t value either by using one-tailed or two-tailed tables.

 

Top Books For IAS Prelims Exam 2022 (Free Drishti Notes)

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Book List IAS Prelims Exam 2022

Books are the world’s topmost powerful thing to achieve any goal or success. Also, every IAS aspirant must need these books for IAS Exam. IAS aspirants mostly spend their time reading books, solving problems, practicing, and finding answers. Lots of UPSC books recommend by every topper and teacher. 

In the market, you can see an ample range of book lists for IAS preparation. Complete an IAS exam syllabus is very difficult. You need to read lots of books to complete the IAS syllabus. Reading the right book at the right time is very important for completing your IAS syllabus on time. 

Before getting a book, you keep two basic things in mind. First, you do not need to buy all of the recommended books. Second, you should prefer handwritten study notes. In IAS study material you need books, handwritten notes, magazines, newspapers, current affairs, NCERT, mock tests, etc. 

Before starting your preparation you need to know the IAS exam pattern and sllabus.

So, read this article to know about the best comprehensive list of books for UPSC preparation. 

Importance of Reading the Right books at the Right time 

  • You must not waste your time in reading unnecessary stuff of the IAS syllabus. 
  • Reading unnecessary study material can create issues in the IAS exam. Because forgetting a thing can have very difficult for you. 
  • Must be read updated current affairs it is 100% authentic material. 

Here, I will show you every book that is beneficial for beginner or expert students. 

Download 5 Free⚡, Drishti Handwritten Notes For Boost Your IAS Preparation

NCERT Book List For IAS Prelims Exam Foundation

There are lots of books available for the IAS exam foundation. But here highly recommended books for the UPSC foundation are NCERT books. NCERT books recommend by every expert and topper. 

Subject Books
History NCERT XI (Ancient & Medieval)
NCERT XII (Modern Indian History)
Geography NCERT VI – X (Old Syllabus)

NCERT XI, XII (New Syllabus)

Economics NCERT XI
Indian Polity NCERT IX-XII
International Relation NCERT XII (Contemporary World Politic)

 

Best Newspaper/Magazines for IAS prelims Exam

Read all these newspapers and magazines to know about current affairs, general knowledge, and other important things. 

Subject Newspapers/Magazines
History The Hindu
Geography The Hindu, The Indian Express
Economics The Frontline, Business Standard
Indian Polity The Hindu, Yojana
International Relations The Hindu, Kurukshetra

 

⚠️Recommend Books: Also, I recommend you to read Tina Dabi Book List for a clear IAS exam.

Books For IAS Prelims Exam: Recommend By Every Topper

Also, these all books are also best for the IAS prelims exam. Here I also write some Newspapers and magazines that help to clear your IAS prelims Exam. 

Click to get all IAS Exam Books 

#1 Indian Polity UPSC books by M Laxmikanth

Indian polity is one of the most valuable, highly popular, and comprehensive books that is recommended by everyone. This book is the best seller and read by every IAS aspirant. You may also read this book in various competitive examinations. Get Indian Polity Book Now.

Indian Polity - For Civil Services and Other State Examinations

#2 Indian Art and Culture: Books For IAS prelims

This book covers the whole syllabus of Indian Culture and Heritage. They provide complete information o Indian art, music, architecture, and paintings with the help of different pictures and diagrams. In this book, you also get lots of questions that help to prepare for the exam. Get It This Book Now

 

#3 Oxford School Atlas For Geography

The Oxford school atlas is the best book for Cover IAS prelims Geography Syllabus. They include 200 clear and easy maps with 94 thematic maps of India. This book contains a detailed political and physical map of India. This book covers all the issues like natural vegetation, climate, wildlife, industry, human development, nature concert, natural hazards, demography, and minerals.

 

#4 Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh (Economy)

India economy book covers all the important topics of UPSC prelims and mains exam. This book is very important for researchers, civil service aspirants, academics, and want long life passion with this subject.  This is the best-selling, highly recommended, and stellar book. 

 

#5 Economic Survey by the Ministry of Finance (Economy)

This book gives you complete information about the Economy of India. This book covers all the economics survey revies, a summary of major development & programs, highlight, 12 months previous paper. 

 

#6 A Brief History of Modern India For UPSC Prelims (Modern India)

A Brief History of Modern India written by Rajiv Ahir covers all the important things and events that happened after the fall of the Mughal empire and the rise of the East India Company. The important event like India’s first war of independence. This war has been structured with a timeline that helps to understand easily. So if you want to cover all of the modern India syllabus, then this book is best for you. 

 

#7 General Studies Paper 2 Manual (CSAT)

McGraw-Hill Education’s General Studies for IAS prelims Paper 2nd is cover all the assigned syllabus and exam patterns. They provide all the relevant theory and practice material for serious preparation. The syllabus is divided into seven parts. And eighth part is written for practicing questions. 

 

#8 India Year Book (Current Affairs)

India Year Book is the best publication for current affairs about the Indian Government. This book covers all the information about the country such as any state policy, public schemes, data, dignitaries, economy,  demographics, trade, and others.  This is also the best reference source for researchers, publications, and media. 

A complete Book list for the IAS exam

Conclusion:

With the help of this article, you can understand that a Book for civil service aspirants is very important. They just need to read the right books at the right time. Here NCERT books is very important for IAS foundation or basic. And also read other recommended books for the clear IAS prelims Exam.

Top 6 Books Referred by Tina Dabi for UPSC Preparation

books referred by tina dabi

In this article, you will get a list of books referred by Tina DAbi. Firstly, We learn about the UPSC examination. The Union Public Service Commission examination is one of the toughest exams in India. This examination recruits candidates for IAS, IPS, IFS, and other civil services. Generally, this exam is held in various manners which are UPSC Prelims, UPSC Mains, Personality test, and finally Interview.

The 28 years old girl Tina Dabi cracked this examination on the first attempt. She secured the first position in the UPSC exam. Therefore, In this article, we will discuss the top 10 books referred by Tina Dabi for every UPSC aspirant. We also discuss her strategies for UPSC.

I will give you through this article Tina Dabi’s book list for UPSC prelims. Tina Dabi recommended these study materials to all who desire to crack the civil exams and serve the country. Let’s crack it!

Some Interesting Fact About Tina Dabi

During the 2015 UPSC exam, Tina Dabi, a twenty-two year old girl, had topped the most prestigious and difficult exam in India. All Indian girls who strive to clear the UPSC in their first attempt look up to her. Now have a looks at some interesting facts about Young IAS Tina Dabi:

  1. She became “Student Of The Year ” in her college time. She completed her graduation from Lady Shree Ram College in 2014. 
  2. Not only did she excel in college and UPSC, but she also topped the CBSE board exam in class 12. She was intelligent from her school time.
  3. In her free time, Tina Dabi loved to play guitar, travel, sing, and take photographs.

Recommended Tina Dabi Mains Book List for UPSC

These are some of the most recommended Tina Dabi book lists for UPSC. I personally suggest you all UPSC aspirants follow these study materials.

History of Modern Indian for UPSC is the best book to get an overview of the history of British India. It is based on nationalism and colonialism. These books are referred by Tina Dabi that help to boost your UPSC preparation. 

The Wonder that Was India for UPSC is the book in that you can learn about Indian History. This book is written by Arthur Llewellyn Basham. 

Indian Economy for UPSC is one of the most recommended books for every UPSC aspirant by Tina Dabi.  You can learn the significant concepts of the Indian economy from this book.

Science & Technology for UPSC is for those students who prepare for civil services, prelims, and Mains. Books referred by Tina Dabi are very helpful to get a higher rank in your examination.

Indian Polity by M. Laxmikanth is one of the best books in the Tina Dabi booklist for UPSC. This book is very useful to meet all academic needs for every civil services aspirant. 

Analytical Reasoning in UPSC plays a very crucial role. This book helps you to think analytically and improve your interpersonal skills. That’s why this book is recommended by Tina Dabi for your prelims exam. 

Conclusion

Books referred by Tina Dabi for UPSC preparation play a very important role in your preparation. You must consider these books before starting your preparation. With the help of this article, you can get a list of books material that can really help in your career. Tina Dabi’s referred book makes a great impact on your preparation and helps you to get a high rank in the civil exam.

Also, you can buy these books directly from Amazon by just clicking on that link. You can get a discount when you shop from them. So boost your preparation by learning from these books.

What are the rules of Derivatives and how to calculate derivatives?

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rules of derivatives and calculation

In mathematics with the help of the rules of derivatives, you can calculate the cost, amount of the material used in an apartment, strength, loss, and many more such things, and also to calculate the maximum and minimum values of functions, we use derivatives to do such things. A derivative is usually a type of calculus. 

Derivatives are widely used in mathematics, engineering, and different branches of science to calculate the problems related to finding the change in the function concerning the independent variable.

What are derivatives?

In calculus, the derivative is usually defined as the rate of change of the function with respect to the independent variable. Derivatives are generally represented by the slope of the graph or the slope having a tangent line at a particular point.

Derivatives are also stated as the slope of the line that lies at a particular point to the tangent of the curve. For the calculation of derivatives, limits play an important role in this regard. As we can calculate derivatives by using limits this process is known as the first principle.

Derivative with respect to x by first principal,

d/dx (f(x)) = limh→0 f(x + h) – f(x) / h

  1. To reverse this process of taking derivative, we use integration also known as the antiderivative.

What are the different rules of Derivatives?

There are various rules of derivatives. Let’s discuss them briefly.

  • Rule of a constant function

In general, the derivative of a constant function or a constant term is always zero. Constants are all those functions that do not have any term of the variable whose you want to calculate the derivative. Such as if you want to calculate the derivative with respect to x then each term that does not have x will consider as constant.

d/dx (A) = 0

Example 

Calculate the derivative of 4 with respect to x.

Solution 

Step 1: Identify the function.

F(x) = 4

Step 2: Take the formula of derivative.

d/dx (f(x))

Step 3: Put the value of the function.

d/dx (4)

Step 4: Apply constant function rule.

d/dx (4) = 0

  • Rule of a Power function

If the function is given in power, then this rule is applicable. In this rule, power must be multiplied by the coefficient if there is no coefficient then multiply the power by one and subtract one from the exponent.

d/dx xn = nxn-1

Example 

Calculate the derivative of x4 with respect to x.

Solution 

Step 1: Identify the function.

F(x) = x4

Step 2: Take the formula of derivative.

d/dx (f(x))

Step 3: Put the value of the function.

d/dx (x4)

Step 4: Apply power of the function rule.

d/dx (x4) = 4x4-1 = 4x3

  • Rule of the sum of the functions

When two functions are given having an addition sign among them, then this rule is applicable. In this rule, the derivative is applied to both functions separately.

d/dx (f(x) + g(x)) = d/dx (f(x)) + d/dx (g(x))

Example 

Calculate the derivative of 4x + 3x2 with respect to x.

Solution 

Step 1: Identify the function.

F(x) = 4x + 3x2

Step 2: Take the formula of derivative.

d/dx (f(x))

Step 3: Put the value of the function.

d/dx (4x + 3x2)

Step 4: Apply sum of the function rule.

d/dx (4x + 3x2) = d/dx (4x) + d/dx (3x2)

 = 4x1-1 + (3 x 2) x2-1

= 4x0 + (6)x1

= 4(1) + 6x

d/dx (4x + 3x2) = 4 + 6x

  • Rule of the Difference of the functions

When two functions are given having a subtraction sign among them, then this rule is applicable. In this rule, the derivative is applied to both functions separately.

d/dx (f(x) – g(x)) = d/dx (f(x)) – d/dx (g(x))

Example 

Calculate the derivative of 4x – 3x2 with respect to x.

Solution 

Step 1: Identify the function.

F(x) = 4x – 3x2

Step 2: Take the formula of derivative.

d/dx (f(x))

Step 3: Put the value of the function.

d/dx (4x – 3x2)

Step 4: Apply difference of the function rule.

d/dx (4x – 3x2) = d/dx (4x) – d/dx (3x2)

 = 4x1-1 – (3 x 2) x2-1

= 4x0 – (6)x1

= 4(1) – 6x

d/dx (4x – 3x2) = 4 – 6x

  • Rule of the Product of the functions

When two functions are given having a multiplication sign among them, then this rule is applicable. In this rule, the derivative is applied to both functions by an additional method.

d/dx (f(x) * g(x)) = f(x) d/dx (g(x)) + g(x) d/dx (f(x))

Example 

Calculate the derivative of 4x * 3x2 with respect to x.

Solution 

Step 1: Identify the function.

F(x) = 4x * 3x2

Step 2: Take the formula of derivative.

d/dx (f(x))

Step 3: Put the value of the function.

d/dx (4x * 3x2)

Step 4: Apply product of the function rule.

d/dx (4x * 3x2) = 4x d/dx (3x2) + 3x2 d/dx (4x)

= 4x (3×2 x2-1) + 3x2 (4x1-1)

= 4x ​​(6x) + 3x 2 (4)

= 24x2 + 12x2

= 36x 2

  • Rule of the Quotient of the functions

When two functions are given having a quotient sign among them, then this rule is applicable. In this rule, the derivative is applied to both functions separately.

d/dx (f(x) / g(x)) = 1/g(x)2[g(x) d/dx (f(x)) – f(x) d/dx (g(x))]

Example 

Calculate the derivative of 4x / 3x2 with respect to x.

Solution 

Step 1: Identify the function.

F(x) = 4x / 3x2

Step 2: Take the formula of derivative.

d/dx (f(x))

Step 3: Put the value of the function.

d/dx (4x / 3x2)

Step 4: Apply quotient of the function rule.

d/dx (4x / 3x2) = 1/(3x2)2[3x2 d/dx(4x) – 4x d/dx(3x2)]

= 1/9x4[3x2 (4x1-1) – 4x (3×2 x2-1)]

= 1/9 x 4 [3x 2 (4) – 4x (6x)]

= 1/9 x 4 [12 x 2 24 x 2 ]

= 1/9x4(-12x2)

= -4/3x 2

How to calculate Derivatives?

How to calculate derivatives

To calculate the derivatives of the functions, keep all the rules in your mind for the calculation of the functions. If you want to do these problems accurately and, in few seconds, you can use derivative calculator which gives the result with steps.

Example 

Calculate the derivative of (4x + 3) * (3x – 4x2) with respect to x.

Solution 

Step 1: Identify the function.

F(x) = (4x + 3) * (3x – 4x2)

Step 2: Take the formula of derivative.

d/dx (f(x))

Step 3: Put the value of the function.

d/dx ((4x + 3) * (3x – 4x2))

Step 4: Apply product of the function rule.

d/dx ((4x + 3) * (3x – 4x2)) = (4x + 3) d/dx (3x – 4x2) + (3x – 4x2) d/dx (4x +3)

Step 5: Apply sum, difference, power, and constant rules.

d/dx ((4x + 3) * (3x – 4x2)) = (4x + 3) d/dx (3x – 4x2) + (3x – 4x2) d/dx (4x +3)

        = (4x + 3) (d/dx (3x) – d/dx (4x2)) + (3x – 4x2) (d/dx (4x) + d/dx (3))

        = (4x + 3) ((3x1-1) – (4×2 x2-1)) + (3x – 4x2) ((4x1-1) + 0)

        = (4x + 3) (3 – 8x) + (3x – 4x 2 ) (4 + 0)

        = (4x + 3) (3 – 8x) + (3x – 4x 2 ) (4)

        = 12x – 32x2 + 9 – 24x + 12x – 16x2

         = 24x – 48x2 – 24x + 9

          = -48x2 + 9

 

Summary 

A derivative is not much difficult topic. Once you grab the basic knowledge of the rule of the derivatives you can easily solve all the problems related to finding the derivatives of the functions.

 

CGPSC Previous Year Question Paper With Answer PDF

CGPSC Previous Year Question Paper With Answer PDF
CGPSC Previous Year Question Paper With Answer PDF

CGPSC Previous Year Question Papers : Do you want to make your CGPSC exam(Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission) preparation even stronger?

So for this you have to solve the CGPSC Previous Year Question Papers very well.

And those topics have to be prepared as much as possible. you have not covered the those  topics yet.

Solving CGPSC Previous Year question papers gives you an in-depth knowledge of CGPSC Exam Pattern and CGPSC Exam syllabus as well.

And at he same time, solving CGPSC Pre Previous year question papers also gives you some idea of the type of questions asked in the exam.

Chhattisgarh PSC releases various types of vacancies for recruitments inside various departments across the state.

All the exams conducted by Chhattisgarh PSC are very popular as well as competitive. So students need to work hard along with having a very precise strategy to crack these exams.

Because you know this somewhere or the other that a small mistake made inside the preparation of this exam can become a lesson of whole life for us.

A Complete List Of CGPSC Previous Year Paper

Many of our students ask that it is necessary to solve CGPSC Previous Year Papers.

So we tell them that if you do not solve CGPSC Previous year papers then you will not be able to understand the team of questions asked inside the exam.

And perhaps this can prove to be the biggest loss for you.

 CGPSC Previous Year Question Paper 2020

S. No.

CGPSC 2020 Previous Year Papers

Download Link

1

Language Download

2

Eassys Download

3

GS – 1 Download

4

GS – 2

Download

5 GS – 3

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6 GS – 4

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7 GS – 5

Download

 

Note : You can easily get from here UPSC IAS Previous Year Question Papers.

CGPSC Previous Year Question Paper 2019

All the important CGPSC Previous year papers link of 2019 are here :

S. No.

CGPSC 2019 Previous Year Papers

Download Link

1

Language Download

2

Eassys Download

3

GS – 1 Download

4

GS – 2

Download

5 GS – 3

Download

6 GS – 4

Download

7 GS – 5

Download

 

CGPSC Previous Year Question Paper 2018

S. No.

CGPSC 2018 Previous Year Papers

Download Link

1

Language Download

2

Eassys Download

3

History, Constitution, and Public Administration Download

4

Science, Technology, and Environment

Download

5 Economics and Geography

Download

6 Mathematics & Logical Ability

Download

7 Philosophy & Sociology

Download

 

CGPSC Previous Year Question Paper 2017

S. No.

CGPSC 2017 Previous Year Papers

Download Link

1

Language Download

2

Eassys Download

3

History, Constitution, and Public Administration Download

4

Science, Technology, and Environment

Download

5 Economics and Geography

Download

6 Mathematics & Logical Ability

Download

7 Philosophy & Sociology

Download

 

CGPSC Previous Year Question Paper 2016

A Complete list of CGPSC 2016 Year question papers here :

S. No.

CGPSC 2016 Previous Year Papers

Download Link

1

Language Download

2

Eassys Download

3

History, Constitution, and Public Administration Download

4

Science, Technology, and Environment

Download

5 Economics and Geography

Download

6 Mathematics & Logical Ability

Download

7 Philosophy & Sociology

Download

 

CGPSC Previous Year Question Paper 2015

S. No.

CGPSC 2015 Previous Year Papers

Download Link

1

Language Download

2

Eassys Download

3

History, Constitution, and Public Administration Download

4

Science, Technology, and Environment

Download

5 Economics and Geography

Download

6 Mathematics & Logical Ability

Download

7 Philosophy & Sociology

Download

 

CGPSC Previous Year Question Paper 2014

S. No.

CGPSC 2015 Previous Year Papers

Download Link

1

Language Download

2

Eassys Download

3

History, Constitution, and Public Administration Download

4

Science, Technology, and Environment

Download

5 Economics and Geography

Download

6 Mathematics & Logical Ability

Download

7 Philosophy & Sociology

Download

 

Benefits Of Solving CGPSC Previous Year Question Papers 

Benefits of Solving CGPSC Previous Year Question Papers
Benefits of Solving CGPSC Previous Year Question Papers

CGPSC exam is a big national level exam, we should we have a very consistent and complete proof of study so that we can get a good score in this exam.

Let us tell you that those who top in the exam, there are only previous year papers in the favorite list of those toppers which they solve first.

And by doing so, he would go far ahead of the students in preparation.

We are going to share some important tips with you here which will help you in solving CGPSC Previous year papers.

  • Increasing Confidance
    When you turn on the previous year question paper during the preparation, then there is a different confidence in your preparation.
    And then you solve the original paper with a good confidence. Which proves to be very beneficial for you.
  • Become a Perfect
    When you solve the old question paper, then somewhere you get to know about the CGPSC exam pattern and CGPSC syllabus in depth.
    You get a good idea about the syllabus and exam pattern, then somewhere you understand the pattern of questions asked inside the exam at a good level.
    By doing this, somewhere your exam preparation gets done in perfect way.
  • Boosting Speed and Accuracy
    Solving previous year question paper increases your speed of solving any question which is very beneficial for you from an exam point of view.
    It is not only increases the speed, it also helps you in getting the correct answer to any question.
  • Best Way of Multiple Revisions
    If seen, solving last year question papers is a kind of revision. Because whenever we don’t get the answer of any previous year question then we open our book and clear all the topics related to those questions.
    We hit revision multiple times, which helps us a lot in the exam.

Most Important Chapters For NEET Physics, Chemistry, Biology

important chapters for neet
important chapters for neet

Most Important Chapters For NEET 2022 : Students preparing for NEET exam for the upcoming session 2022 must know about the important chapters for NEET to score well in NEET.

So that he can do his medical studies in a good college.

But do you know the important chapters for Physic, Chemistry, and Biology which comes under NEET Syllabus?

As you are well aware that NEET exam is a national level medical exam in which lakhs of students enroll. But only a few of them achieve the medical college of their dreams.

You know why this happens?

This happens because students by books and notes for the preparation of NEET exam. This is a good thing but students forget which chapters we should study and which chapter scores should be left for now.

Unless you understand the NEET exam syllabus in detail, you cannot even understand which chapters are important for NEET exam or not.

With this, the time and effort you put in preparing for your NEET exam will all go in vain. and maybe you wouldn’t want that to happen?

The important chapters for NEET exam can also understand form off NEET exam syllabus and NEET Previous Year Question Papers.

You must read the entire article to know most important chapters for NEET :

Important Chapters For NEET Chemistry 2022

Most Important Chapter of NEET Exam Chemistry
Most Important Chapter of NEET Exam Chemistry

Students preparing for the session 2022 must have an effective and abovementioned plan for the preparation of chemistry.

Because in NEET exam more and more questions are asked in chemistry from Reaction and mechanism. which has always been a matter of concern for the students.

To understand the NEET exam chemistry syllabus 2022 in an even better way it is divided into three parts which are Physical, Organic, and Inorganic Chemistry.

In the question paper of NEET exam, 45 questions(180 marks) are asked from chemistry.

So somewhere it is very important for you to know the important chemistry chapters for NEET.

The complete sheet for important chemistry chapter for NEET is given below :

Some basic Fundamentals of Organic chemistry Section

  1. A Basic Knowledge of Mole Concept And Molar Masses
  2. Stoichiometry
  3. Stoichiometric Calculations and etc.

Topic : Atomic structure

  1. Go through on  Bohr model for the hydrogen atom
  2. Get a Brief overview on Quantum mechanical model of the atom

Topic : Chemical bonding and molecular structure

  1. Valence Bond theory, Hybridization, and The valence shell electron pair repulsion theory

Topic : Solutions

  1. Ideal and non-ideal solutions
  2. Colligative properties

Topic : Equilibrium

  1. Ionization of acids and bases
  2. Solubility Equilibria of sparingly soluble salts

Topic : Coordination compounds

  1. Bonding and Stability in coordination compounds

In Organic Chemistry Section

Topic : Some fundamental principles and techniques

  1. Isomerism & Clear all the basic concepts of organic reaction mechanism

Topic : Ethers, Phenols, and Alcohols 

  1. Focus on the Properties of ethers, alcohols, and phenols.

 

Biology Important Chapters For NEET 2022

biology important chapters for NEET
biology important chapters for NEET

The questions asked in Biology inside NEET 2022 exam are similarly asked form class 11th and class 12th. Students who are preparing for NEET exam should focus more on most important chapters for NEET biology.

That is why it has been said that first of we should do important work.

Topic : Plant Kingdom
  • algae and their pigments

  • Gymnosperms & Pteridophytes

Topic : Biological classification
  • some features of Monera, Protista, and Fungi
Topic : Plants and Animals – Structural organization
  • leaf anatomy, Stem, and Root etc.

  • Animals tissues and their functions, Highly epithelial tissues

Cell Structure and it’s Functions
  • mitochondria, chromosomes, nucleus , , ribosomes, Mycoplasma , and chloroplast

  • Meiosis – Prophase I

Plant physiology
  • C3, C4 cycle

  • Kranz anatomy, Glycolysis and Krebs cycle

  • ETS complexes, Photoperiodism

  • Transpiration pull, Bulk movement in Phloem, Nitrogen cycle, & Mineral deficiency

Topic : Human/Animal Physiology
  • All the topics are important but diagrams are so important

Topic : Reproduction
  • Gametogenesis in plants and humans

  • Reproductive structures in plants and animals
  • Parthenocarpy, Menstrual cycle, apomixis, and Polyembryony

Topic : Genetics & evolution
  • Codominance, linkage, Dihybrid cross, and Pedigree analysis

  • Darwinism, natural selection, Genetic disorders, and Human evolution

Topic : Biotechnology
  • Process and applications

  • Gene therapy, RNAi,  molecular diagnostics, BT cotton,  Human insulin etc.

Topic : Biology in human welfare
  • Human immunity, Cancer, Drugs, and AIDS etc.

Topic : Ecology and environment
  • Environmental issues, and Adaptations etc.
  • Succession, Population, and interactions etc.

 

Physics Important Chapters For NEET 2022

Most Important Chapter of NEET Exam Physics
Most Important Chapter of NEET Exam Physics

We have prepared a list of most of important chapters under NEET Physics portion which can prove to be very beneficial for you.

If you ignore the important chapters for NEET exam mentioned by us then it can be a big loss for you. so you should focus your full attention on physics important chapters preparation.

Physics Important chapters for NEET Exam list is here :

  • Topic : Get a overview on  Electronic devices

  • Topic : Electrostatics

  • Topic : Optics

  • Topic : Oscillations and Waves

  • Topic : Clear all the concepts of Electromagnetic Induction and more about Alternating Currents

  • Topic : Properties of bulk matter

  • Topic : Current Electricity

  • Topic : Motion of System

Weightage of Chapters In NEET 

NEET chapter wise weightage
NEET chapter wise weightage

If you want to crack the NEET exam with a good rank then you have to prepare keeping in mind the important chapters. Also their weightage has to be understood.

When you will know the paper of questions/topics asked in NEET exam then you will be able to do your preparation very easily and well.

So you can check out the tables  Physics Chemistry and Biology marks of each chapter given below and give a new dimension to you preparation.

NEET Physics Chapter Wise Weightage 2022 : 

physics chapter wise weightage for neet
physics chapter wise weightage for NEET

Concepts based and numerical based questions are asked in NEET Physics paper.

So that’s why the students should focus on the concepts the most for the preparation of physics. Along with this, you should also solve questions based on those concepts so that you can score very well in this exam.

If you do not want to keep any kind of shortcoming in NEET Physics preparation, then you can prepare the important chapters for NEET exam in a good way.

CLASS 11th : 

Unit No. Name of Each Chapter Weightage

1

Topic : Physical-world and measurement :

  • Physical World
  • Units and Measurements
2%

2

Topic : Kinematics :

  • Motion in a Straight Line
  • Motion in a Plane
3%

3

Topic : Laws of Motion :

  • Laws of Motion
3%

4

Topic : Work, Energy and Power :

  • Work, Energy and Power
4%

5

System of Particles and Rotational Motion 5%

6

Topic : Gravitation :

  • Gravitation
2%

7

Topic : Properties of Bulk Matter : 

  • Mechanical Properties of Solids
  • Mechanical Properties of Fluids
  • Thermal Properties of Matter
3%
8 Thermodynamics :

  • Thermodynamics
9%
9 Topic : Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory : 

  • Kinetic Theory
3%
10 Topic : Oscillation & Waves :

  • Oscillations
  • Waves
3%

 

CLASS 12th : 

Unit No. Name of Each Chapter Weightage

1

 Unit : Electrostatics :

  • Chap. : Electric Charges and Fields
  • Chap. : Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
9%

2

Unit : Current Electricity

  • Chap. : Current Electricity
8%

3

Unit : Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism

  • Chap. : Moving Charges and Magnetism
  • Chap. : Magnetism and Matter
5%

4

Unit : Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Current

  • Chap. : Electromagnetic Induction
  • Chap. : Alternating Current
8%

5

Unit : Electromagnetic Waves

  • Chap. : Electromagnetic Waves
5%

6

Unit : Optics

  • Chap. : Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
  • Chap. : Wave Optics
10%

7

Unit : Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

  • Chap. : Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
6%

8

Unit : Atoms & Nuclei

  • Chap. : Atoms
  • Chap. : Nuclei
3%

9

Unit : Electronic Devices

  • Chap. : Semiconductor Electronics
9%

 

NEET Biology Chapter Wise Weightage 2022 : 

NEET biology chapter wise weightage
NEET biology chapter wise weightage

If you want to score well in NEET exam then you should not make the mistake of ignoring Biology at all. NEET Biology Syllabus is divided into two sections Botany and Zoology.

The maximum number of marks prescribed in NEET Biology exam is 360.

You have to more focus on clearing concepts and doubts if you want to rock in NEET Exam 2022.

Because if you do this then your chances of getting success in NEET exam will increase to a great extent.

Weightage out of 100% Name Of Chapters
6% Plant Physiology
12% Ecology and environment
9% Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants
4% Biology and Human Welfare
5% Cell Structure and Function
14% Diversity in Living World
9% Reproduction
18% Genetics and Evolution
3% Biotechnology and Its Applications
20% Human Physiology

 

Chapter-wise Important Questions From Botany

Name Of Class Botany Important Chapter list for NEET 2022 Total
11th Cell & Cell Cycle 5
Structural Organisation of Plants 5
Biomolecules 2
Plant Physiology 8
Diversity of Life 5
———– 25
12th Biology in Human Welfare 1
Ecology 6
Genetics 6
Reproduction & Sexual Reproduction 4
Animal Husbandry & Biotechnology 7
Evolution: Theories & Evidences 1

 

Chapter-wise Important Questions From Zoology

Name Of Class Zoology Important Chapter list for NEET 2022 Total
11th Biomolecules 3
Human Physiology 10
Animal Kingdom 5
Structural Organisation of Plants 0
Plant Physiology 0
Diversity of Life 0
Cell Structure and function 2
————- ————-
————- ————-
12th Biology in Human Welfare 2
Ecology 3
Genetics 5
Reproduction & Sexual Reproduction 0
Animal Husbandry & Biotechnology 6
Evolution 1
Human Health & Disease 1
Human Reproduction & Reproductive Health 6

Chemistry Chapter Wise Weightage For NEET 2022 :

Chemistry chapter wise weightage for NEET
Chemistry chapter wise weightage for NEET

You can get the information of all the important topics which come under NEET Chemistry Syllabus from the table given below.

While preparing for chemistry, you have to give priority to all the chapters as well as the important chapters that mentioned by us.

Because some where it can increase your preparation level and confidence by 2 times.

Chemistry chapter wise weightage for NEET : 

Chemistry NEET Topic Wise-Weightage Weightage
Basic concepts of chemistry 2%
Structure of Atom 3%
A Basic knowledge of elements properties 3%
Chemical Bonding and molecular structure 5%
States of Matter: Gases, Solid and liquids 2%
Thermodynamics 9%
Equilibrium 6%
Redox Reactions 1%
Solutions 5%
Electrochemistry 4%
Chemical kinetics 3%
Surface Chemistry 1%
 Isolation Elements and there General Principles and processes 1%
Hydrogen 3%
s- Block and p-Block Elements 1%
d and f Block Elements 4%
Coordination compounds 4%
Basic principles and techniques of Organic Chemistry 2%
Hydrocarbons 3%
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 1%
Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers 8%
Clear all the doubts about Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 3%

 

Section-Wise Chemistry Important Chapter For NEET

Class-Wise Section-Wise Total Chapters
11th Organic Chemistry 6
Inorganic Chemistry 8
Physical Chemistry 6
12th Organic Chemistry 8
Inorganic Chemistry 11
Physical Chemistry 11
Total 50

 

SSC CGL Syllabus Explanation in Detail of all Tiers- samplepaperlibrary

1
SSC CGL syllabus

SSC CGL Syllabus: Candidates who are preparing and want to start preparing for this exam have to go through with the latest SSC CGL syllabus and SSC CGL exam pattern to plan their SSC CGL preparation strategy in the right manner. 

The SSC CGL syllabus and exam pattern for the Combined Graduate Level Examination is determined by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC).

The Latest SSC CGL syllabus and exam pattern help you to understand and make a strategy to clear the SSC CGL 2022 exam.

In this article, we will share with you detailed and updated SSC CGL Syllabus 2022 for Tier I, Tier II, Tier III & Tier IV.

I found some strategic and effective tips for you to start your SSC CGL preparation at low cost

After completing your syllabus, you must solve SSC CGL previous year question paper and mock test which are all given on one page.

SSC CGL Exam Process

SSC CGL exam is conducted to recruit candidates into a reputed office, department, and organization under the government of India. Let’s see the below table to check the exam process of the SSC CGL exam.

SSC CGL Tier Mode/Type CGL Syllabus Topics
Tier I Online, Multiple Choice questions General Intelligence &, Reasoning, Quantitative Aptitude, General Awareness, English Comprehension
Tier II Online, Multiple Choice questions Quantitative aptitude, English Language & Comprehension, *Statistics,*General Studies- Finance & Economics
Tier III Offline, Descriptive type- Hindi/English Statistics, data analysis
Tier IV Wherever applicable Data Entry Speed Test, Computer Proficiency TestDocument Verification

Latest Update of SSC CGL Exam

Event Dates
SSC CGL Tier I Exam Date 13–24 Aug 2021
SSC CGL Tier-II Exam Date 28–29 Jan 2022
Tier-II Admit Card January 2022 (tentative)
Tier III Exam Date Sun, 6 February 2022
Tier III Admit Card Release Date February 2022 (tentative)
Exam Date SSC CGL Tier IV 2022 To Be Notified

Also, you can download the SSC CGL syllabus pdf for free for better preparation.

SSC CGL syllabus: Tier-1st

SSC CGL syllabus Tier-1st Exam

SSC CGL Tier-I exam consists of 4 sections. A total of 100 multiple-type questions will be asked in the exam through online mode. Each correct question carries 2 marks and 0.5 marks are deducted for each wrong answer.

A total time of 60 minutes will be given to complete all the questions (20 marks extra for persons with disabilities).

In this SSC CGL Tier-1 2021 section, four subject syllabus are included. Candidates must cover all the important topics given in SSC CGL Syllabus for Tier 1.

    1. General Intelligence & Reasoning
    2. General Awareness
    3. Quantitative Aptitude &
    4. English Comprehension skills.
General Intelligence & Reasoning
  • Symbolic/Number Analogy
  • Semantic Classification, Symbolic/Number Classification
  • Figural Classification, Semantic Series, Number Series, Figural Series
  • Problem Solving, Word Building, Coding & decoding
  • Space Visualization, Venn Diagrams, Drawing inferences
  • Indexing, Address matching, Date & city matching, Classification of center codes/roll numbers
  • Critical thinking, Emotional Intelligence, Social Intelligence
English Comprehension skills Synonyms & Antonyms, One Word Substitution, grammar skills, spelling error, comprehension passages
Quantitative Aptitude
  • Number System Problems, Percentage, Ratio & Proportion, Square roots, Averages, Interest
  • Profit and Loss, Discount, Mixture,
  • Time and distance, Time & Work, Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations,
  • Triangle and its various kinds of centers, Congruence, and similarity of triangles, Circles
  • Regular Polygons, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres
  • Complementary angles, Heights and Distances, Histogram, Data Analysis
General Awareness
  • History- Harappa Civilization, Vedic culture, Medieval India and their important systems; India’s freedom movement and its leaders
  • Geography- about countries and their geographical details, Famous Seaport and Airport and their location.
  • Polity- Administrative, Legislative and judiciary of our Country, Election, Important constitution bodies like CAG, Symbols of political parties, duties & responsibilities of the major persons in the Parliament
  • Economy-Budget related information and terminologies, Important persons involved in Economy of the Country and monetary institutions
  • Physics- Laws, major Inventions and Discoveries.
  • Chemistry- Characteristics of gases, atoms, molecules Chemistry in everyday life.
  • Biology-Important discoveries, Interesting facts about human body parts, Nutrition in Animals and Plants, Diseases and their causes.
  • General Knowledge, Current Affairs

 

SSC CGL Syllabus: Tier-2nd Exam

The tier-2 exam consists of 4 different papers. In the duration of 2 hours, you must complete all 100 questions. Each correct question carries 2 marks and 0.25 marks will be deducted for wrong questions.

Aspirants should know that paper 1st and 2nd is compulsory for all the question. Also, in this SSC CGL Tier-2nd 2021 section, four subject syllabus are included.

    1. Quantitative Aptitude
    2. English Language & Comprehension
    3. Statistics
    4. General Studies- Finance & Economics

 

Statistics
  • Data distribution, calculation, a diagrammatic representation of data
  • Mean, Mode and Median
  • Deviation, Dispersion
  • Moments and relationships- skewness, kurtosis
  • Co-relation, regression
  • Probability- theories, distribution
  • Sampling theory, index numbers, time series analysis
English Comprehension skills
  • Spot the Error, Synonyms /Antonyms, Spelling, Idioms & Phrases, One Word Substitution, Improvement of sentences,, The Active/ Passive voice of verbs,, Conversion into Direct/ Indirect narration, Shuffling of sentence parts in passages,, Comprehension passage.
Quantitative Aptitude
  • Number System Problems, Percentage
  • Ratio & Proportion, Square roots, Averages
  • Profit and Loss, Discount
  • Time and distance, Time & Work, Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra
  • Triangles, Polygons, Circles, Cylinders
  • Bar graph, Histogram, Pie chart
General Studies- finance and Economics
  • Finance-Fundamentals of Finance & Accounting
  • Economics-Macro & Micro Economics, Growth & Development Market analysis- production, demand, supply,
  • Indian Economy, Economic reforms, Money and banking, Role of Technology in reforming the Economic domain

 

SSC CGL Syllabus: Tier III Exam

ssc cgl syllabus tier 3rd

SSC CGL Tier 3 exam syllabus is a subjective paper that will be taken offline through pen-paper mode.

Tier-III paper will have to be given by only those candidates who have applied for the post of “Statistical Investigator Grade-II” and “Compiler”.

In the duration of 60 minutes, you have to complete all the questions of the paper of 100 marks. According to the tier 3rd exam syllabus, the exam is to assess the candidates’

  • language proficiency,
  • grammar knowledge,
  • vocabulary usage
  • writing skills in English/Hindi.

In this exam, Candidates are required to write the essay, summary, application form, etc.

SSC CGL Syllabus Tier IV

The SSC CGL Tier 4 Exam comprises skill tests that are required for certain government posts.

Candidates who secure at least the minimum qualifying marks in the examination (Tier I, II, III) can appear in the Skill Test. Data Entry Speed Test:

  • should have 8,000 (eight thousand) Key Depression per hour on the Computer.
  • A passage of about 2000 (two thousand) key depressions for 15 (fifteen) minutes.

Computer Proficiency Test:

  • Word Processing
  • Spreadsheet
  • Generation of slides

Frequestly Asked Question

Is the SSC CGL syllabus is same for all tiers?

No, the SSC CGL syllabus is different for four tiers. The mode of tier 1st & 2nd is online, and both have a different syllabus. But tier 3rd is a descriptive type of paper that can be answered both in English and Hindi.

Can a 12th pass apply for SSC CGL?

No, only graduate candidates are eligible for the post. But you can give SSC CHSL exam after the 12th pass for better preparation.

Is mathematics compulsory for SSC CGL?

Yes, SSC CGL Tier 2 Paper has complete syllabus of Mathematics. It is a compulsory paper of 200 marks. The tier-2 exam is a bit tougher than Tier-1 because of maths. So you must prepare well to get good marks in the SSC CGL exam.

Which stream is best for SSC CGL?

Success does not depend on any stream. We believe that science and engineering students are good at maths and learning but it cannot be assumed that they can clear this SSC exam. With constant practice and hard work, everyone can crack SSC.

NDA Exam Pattern 2022: Marking Scheme | Section Wise Paper Pattern

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nda exam pattern 2022

The NDA Exam was conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for three services: the Indian Army, the Indian Navy, and the Indian Air Force.

In this article, I will show you the NDA 2022 exam pattern to prepare proper planning and strategy at low cost based on the previous NDA Exam pattern.

    • NDA Exam is conducted twice a year through offline mode (written test). 
    • The exam is conducted in two different phases, phase one is written test and phase two is an interview.
    • The written test is conducted in two sittings, one for GAT and the other for Mathematics.
    • The training period after selection is 3 years.
    • The NDA exam consists of 2 sections- Mathematics and General Ability Test(GAT) in 5 hours duration.
    • UPSC determines the cut-off score to prepare the merit list of the candidates who are called for the five-day selection process.

NDA Written Exam previous year papers you can download for your best practice.

If any candidate who clears the written NDA exam will proceed to the NDA SSB interview process.

Check the below table for NDA Exam Pattern Highlights

Conducted BY UPSC
Exam Mode  Offline Mode (Pen-Paper Based)
Number of sections 2
Language Hindi and English
Asked Question Type Objective Types or MCQ
Total Number of Questions 270 Questions (120 from Mathematics and 150 from General Ability Test)
Total Marks for Entrance Test 900 Marks (300 Marks for Mathematics and 600 Marks for General Ability Test)
Exam duration 2.30 hours (Each Section)

 


1. NDA written exam pattern

First, in this section, we are going to cover the NDA Exam pattern 2022. The written test of NDA 2022 has been Not scheduled yet. 

In the written exam, NDA Exam consists of 2 papers- Mathematics and General Ability Test in offline mode.

nda written exam pattern

Other details related to the exam pattern of both the sections are given below:

According to the previous pattern, NDA Exam both section marks, question and time mentioned belo

Subject Total No of Questions Duration of Exam Maximum Marks
Mathematics 120 2 ½ Hours 300
General Ability Test 150 2 ½ Hours 600
Total 270 900

 

Read the following table to get to know about General Ability Test(GAT). 

All GAT subjects and marks are covered in the below table.

Sections Maximum marks
Part A – English 200 Marks
Part B – General Knowledge Physics 100
  Chemistry 60
General Science 40
History, Freedom Movement, etc. 80
Geography 80
Current Events 40
Total 600 Marks

 

Marking Scheme For NDA  Exam 2022

nda exam marking scheme

  • For each correct answer, 2.5 marks will be allotted and 0.83 Marks deducted for each wrong answer.
  • The Mathematics section will have a total of 120 questions carrying 300 marks.
  • The GAT will consist of 600 marks; A total of 200 marks have been allotted for English and 400 marks for General Knowledge.
  • There will be a total of 150 questions in this section, out of which 50 will be from English and 100 from General Knowledge.
  • 4 marks are allotted for each correct answer in the GAT exam. And 1.33 marks deducted will be deducted for each wrong answer.

Note: No marks were deducted for the unattempted question.

Let’s look in a simple way

Particular  Mathematics GAT
Asked Question in Paper 120 150
Total Marks  300 600
Marks allotted for each correct answer 2.5+ 4+
Marks deducted for each wrong response -0.83 -1.33

 


NDA Exam Pattern: SSB Interview

nda interview exam pattern

Once you clear your NDA written exam, you can appear for the NDA SSB interview. Also, the SSB interviews divide into two stages.

let’s discuss

  • The second round exam(SSB Interview) of NDA lasts for 4-5 days.
  • Total Marks is 500 for the SSB interview.

Stage 1: Screening Test- There are two tests comprised in this stage, first is Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests and the second Picture Perception and Description Test (PP&DT)

Stage 2: Physiological Test- In this stage all the candidates go through multiple tests like Group Testing Officer Task, Psychology Test, and Conference

 

Stages Tests
Stage 1 Officer Intelligence Rating
  • Verbal and non-verbal tests.
  • PP and DT
Stage 2 Psychological Test
  1. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
  2. Word Association Test (WAT)
  3. Situation Reaction Test (SRT)
  4. Self Description Test (SD)
Group Testing Officers Test
  1. GD
  2. GPE
  3. PGT
  4. HGT
  5. IOT
  6. Command Task
  7. Snake race/Group Obstacle Race
  8. Individual lecture
  9. FGT
Personal Interview
Conference

 

Note: Candidates, who successfully qualify for the SSB round will be called for further medical test and document verification processes.

 

NDA Previous Year Question paper for NDA 2022

Solve NDA exam previous year’s question paper, you will easily understand the exam pattern, types of questions, and get comfortable with solving different types of questions.

NDA 2020 Previous year question Papers PDF  Download Pdf
NDA 2019 Previous year Question Papers PDF for download Download Pdf
NDA 2018 Previous year question paper pdf Download Pdf
Download NDA 2017 Previous year Papers Download Pdf
NDA 2016 previous year question paper pdf for download Download Pdf

 

    • Topic Weightage: The practice of NDA previous year’s question paper helps you decide how much time you devote to a particular question.
    • The practice of NDA the previous year’s question paper helps you to improve your strengths and find weaknesses.
    • NDA question paper is the best resource to boost your preparation and revision. Also, mock tests help you to revision and practice.
    • Best practice of NDA question paper improve confidence in the exam hall.

 

In NDA Exam, the question will have asked from the mathematics and General Ability Test. Mainly 10+2 level of question asked in the exam.

Mostly, questions asked in the NDA exam from these topics are mentioned in the table below.

Subjects Related Topics
In Mathematics, 120 questions were asked from- Trigonometry, Differential Calculus, Algebra, Integral Calculus & Differential equations, Logarithms, and their applications, Statistics, Probability, Vector Algebra, etc.
In English, 50 questions were asked from- Grammar and Usage, Vocabulary, Comprehension, and cohesion.
In General Knowledge, 100 questions asked from- Physics, Chemistry, General Science, History, Geography, Current Events.

 

In mathematics,

question diversified in this way

Topic No. of questions
Calculus 20-25
Quadratic equation 20-15
Matrices & Determinants  30
Probability 10
Trigonometry 30
Complex number  10-15

 

In General Ability Test,

Questions and marks diversified in this way

Part A: In English

Topic No. of Questions No. of Marks
Spotting Errors 5 20
Comprehension 6 24
Selecting Words 10 40
Ordering of Words in a Sentence 9 36
Sentence Improvement 10 40
Antonyms 5 20
Synonyms 5 20
Total 50 200

PART B: General Knowledge

Topic No. of Questions No. of Marks
Physics 23 92
Chemistry 16 64
General Science 11 44
History & Freedom Movement 16 64
Geography 17 68
Current Events 17 68
Total 100 400

NDA Exam Pattern 2022: General Guidelines

Candidates must strictly follow guidelines issued by UPSC NDA on the day of the exam:

  1. You need to leave all types of digital watches, calculators, mathematical or logarithmic tables outside before entering the exam hall.
  2. Any type of communication devices, mobile phones and pages are not allowed inside the exam hall. If found a violation of this rule, you will be liable for disciplinary action as well as a life ban from any future examination.
  3. You are not advised to bring any valuables to the examination centre. If lost, the authorities are not responsible for it.
  4. Cheating is strictly prohibited. Any candidate can’t share a copy from anyone.  You are not allowed to give or obtain or attempt to give or obtain irregular assistance of any description.
  5. No candidate should misbehave in any way or create any disorderly scene or harass the staff appointed by the Commission during the examination. If any such misconduct occurs, they will be severely punished for such act.
  6. You use a ballpoint pen to fill in the details in a blank circle so that it does not exceed the circle’s boundary. 
  7. Don’t write anything on the answer sheet. You will be provided with a rough sheet for rough work.
  8. Don’t fold, don’t write anything or don’t damage the answer sheet.

 

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Frequently Asked Questions:

Q. What are the passing marks in NDA Exam?

Answer: Minimum 25% marks required in each subject to clear the NDA 2021 written examination. After qualifying NDA written exam, the candidate call for the SSB interview.

Q. what is the full form of NDA?

Answer: NDA exam full form is “National Defence Academy”.

Q. Is NCERT Books are enough for NDA?

Answer: NCERT books are the best choice to compete for NDA Exam. Level of this exam is 10+2. First, you read NCERT, and second, you can read from other books.

Q. Can a girl join NDA after the 10th?

UPSC has allowed unmarried women to apply for the national defence academy (NDA) and naval academy exams.

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