Who and How to Become an IPS Officer? Responsibility, salary, job prospect

How to become IPS Officer

In this article, I will show you a detailed way to become an IPS officer. Also, discuss Who is IPS officer, responsibility, salary, job prospect.

IPS officer full form is Indian Polic Sevice Officer.

Candidates can apply for the IPS exam by filling in the IAS online application details.

Indian Police Service or IPS is one of the All India Services, candidates can clear the IPS exam.

To enter this service, candidates must qualify for the UPSC Civil Services exam and obtain the required rank for this service.

Official Website- To Apply for IPS Exam
UPSC optional subject Syllabus PDF
UPSC Exam Pattern
UPSC Previous Year Question Paper


Who is IPS Officer?

The Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India. IPS was established in 1948.

The cadre controlling authority for IPS is the Ministry of Home Affairs.

IPS exam is a part of the Indian Police Service exam Civil Services Exam (CSE) which is conducted every year by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

IPS officer An IPS (Indian Police Service) officer fulfills his responsibilities by an IPS (Indian Police Service) officer, also fulfills his responsibilities to the state and the center along with the security of the public IPS officer.

The responsibility of an IPS officer

responsibility of IPS

Check the following IPS officer responsibility at the district level:

    • crime detection and prevention
    • and traffic control,
    • drug prevention,
    • accident prevention,
    • management, etc

And maintain peace between the public.

Also, His main role is to lead and command Indian intelligence agencies such as the

    • Research and Analysis Wing (RAW),
    • Intelligence Bureau (IB),
    • Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI),
    • Criminal Investigation Department (CID),
    • Prevention of illegal activities like smuggling and drug trafficking
    • Economic Offences
    • Ensuring VIP security
    • Disaster management in case of natural calamities
    • Enforcement of socio-economic legislation, biodiversity, and defending of environmental laws
    • Juvenile Offenses
    • Upholding the laws of the state
    • Checking vandalism and delinquency


IPS Officer Job Prospects

The duties of an IPS officer are not limited to the state level or the central level, and they belong to Group A of the civil services that ensure the maintenance of law and order throughout the country.

IPS officers at the state level can start with the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) and go up to the Director-General of Police (DGP), which is the most coveted post for an IPS officer at the state level.

Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, Civil and Armed Police Forces in all States and Union Territories Branches in IPS In order to carry out these tasks efficiently, responsibly, and systematically.

the IPS service has been extended to various functional departments such as the Central Bureau of Investigation, Border Security Force, Central Reserve Police Force, Intelligence Bureau, and Research and Analysis Wing.

At the national level, one can serve the nation by joining civilian, defense or paramilitary organizations.

IAS and IPS officers work in coordination with each other with the same objective.

In simple words: It is a prestigious service as it plays a leadership role in the police forces of India.


Salary of an IPS Officer

Most of the candidates want to become an IPS officer because the salary is high here. After the 7th Pay Commission, the salary of IPS officers has increased.

The salary for the new officer is Rs 70,000 per month. ASP, SP, and ACP get salaries around Rs 1,09,203 per month. DIG, IG, and DGP receive around INR 2,12,650 per month.


How to Become an IPS Officer?

1. Apply to UPSC-

apply for UPSC(IPS)

The first step, you need to know about “How do I apply for the IPS exam.”  IPS Exam conducted by UPSC. So, you go on UPSC official website and then apply for the IPS exam when the date is updated.

To apply for an IPS officer, first of all, you must fulfill all the eligibility criteria to become an IPS officer. Check Below for Eligibility

After applying IPS exam, you prepare for your Prelims Exam. And you get IPS pre-exam admit card after update admit card notification.

You get this notification from the newspaper.

2. Write the Preliminary Exam of CSE

IPS pre exam

You know UPSC(IPS) Exam Divide in three parts: Prelims, Mains and Interview. First you need to clear the prelims exam and after it, you go for the mains exam.

In this section, we are going to cover the Prelims exam preparation strategy to become an IPS Officer.

Usually, the IPS prelims exam conducted in May/June, and the result will be announced in August. These notifications or any updates will be announced on the official website of UPSC.

This exam comprises two qualifying papers(General Studies & Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT)) in which 200 marks allotted for each paper. Both papers are objective type.

Candidate Prepare for these topics to clear prelims exam

1.General Studies: Candidate should have knowledge about current events,

    • history of India and Indian national movement,
    • Indian and world geography,
    • Indian polity Panchayati Raj system and governance,
    • environmental ecology, biodiversity,
    • climate change, and general science,
    • Art and culture.

2. CSAT: The candidate should have knowledge about comprehension,

    • Interpersonal skills,
    • communication, logical reasoning,
    • analytical ability,
    • problem-solving,
    • data interpretation,
    • English language comprehension skills, and
    • mental ability.

Note: It is mandatory to qualify for the main examination that you must score at least 33% in the preliminary examination.

Note: If a candidate, who has successfully cleared the preliminary exam, those candidates can go for the IPS main exam.

3: Write the CSE Mains

IPS mains exam

The Mains exam is the second part of the UPSC exam. To become an IPS officer, you need to clear the mains exam after qualify the prelims exam.


  • The IPS Mains exam is usually held in October.
  • The exam will be of descriptive type.

The following table helps you to prepare a preparation strategy to become an IPS officer.

s. no.Paper Description
AQualifying PaperOne Indian language which included in the Eighth Schedule to the constitution
BQualifying PaperEnglish
1Paper 1Essay
2General Studies -I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society)
3General Studies –II  (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
4General Studies –III  (Technology, Economic Development, Bio‐diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
5General Studies –IV  (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)
6Optional Subject – Paper 1


The UPSC reference books listed below can be referred by the students who are appearing for CSE Mains.

    • India After Gandhi
    • India’s National Security: A Reader
    • General Studies Paper 2
    • IAS Mains General Studies Paper 3
    • IAS Mains General Studies Paper 4
    • Governance in India for CSE
    • Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude for Civil Services Mains
    • Challenges to Internal Security of India
    • Pax Indica – Shashi Tharoor


Note: If any candidate have clear mains exam then he/she appears for the mains exam.

4: Personal Interview

After qualifying both the exams, you can appear for IPS Interview Exam. This is the toughest exam in all exam process.

You work on these following skills to become an IPS officer.

    • Intellectual awareness
    • Critical Powers of Assimilation
    • Logical Explanation
    • Balance of Judgement
    • Interest
    • The ability for Social Unity and Leadership
    • Moral Integrity

Also, Check UPSC Eligibility Criteria to become IPS Officer

The first thing to become an IPS officer, you need to be eligible to fill the IPS exam form. Must fulfill all the requirements of UPSC to become an IPS officer.

1.1 Nationality criteria For IPS 

The candidate must be a citizen of India to fill the IPS Exam form.

1.2. Age-Limit For IPS

  • The candidate must be 21(Minimum age) years of age in the year the exam will be conducted, before filling the form.
  • The maximum age limit for IPS is 32 year(age relaxation check below)
  • So, the candidate’s date of birth should be between 2nd August 1989 and 1st August 2000 who want to give IPSC Exam 2021.

The age relaxation IPS officer

Age relaxation for reserved categories candidates is discussed in the table below:

CategoryAge Relaxation Maximum Age Limit
General | EWSNo relaxation32
Other Backward Class (OBC)Up to 3 years35
Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST)Up to 5 years37
Defence Service Personnel disabled during serviceUp to 3 years35
Ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least 5 years military service as of 1st August 2020 and have been released *Up to 5 years37
Visually challenged/hearing impaired/physically challenged candidatesUp to 10 years42


Important Points:-

  • Competitors having a place with SC/ST/OBC classification who fall under the classification of Ex-Servicemen/Physical or Visually Impaired/Hearing Impaired will be qualified for total age unwinding under both the classes.
  • The term ex-serviceman has been characterized in the Ex-Servicemen (Re-work in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979.
  • Ex-Servicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs who have self-released will not be eligible for age relaxation as mentioned above.
  • These certificates should be submitted only while applying for UPSC Mains Exam.
  • While entering the date of birth online while applying for UPSC Preliminary exam, ensure that it is recorded in the matriculation certificate. Otherwise, disciplinary action may be taken against the candidate by the Commission.


UPSC Educational Qualification Criteria to become IPS Officer

The following points show you complete Education Qualification Criteria detail to become an IPS officer

  • To take the UPSC exam, a candidate must have at least a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university.
  • Even those candidates who have written the final year examinations of the qualifying examination (Bachelor’s degree) and waiting for the result and the candidate will write the final examination can apply. . But, these candidates have to submit the proof of qualifying for the exam while applying for the IPS main exam.
  • Candidates having professional/technical qualifications recognized by the Government as equivalent to the technical degrees are also eligible.
  • MBBS candidates who have not completed their internship by the time of applying for UPSC Mains will be given a provisional admission to take Mains, provided they submit a copy of the certificate from the concerned University/Institute authority that they have passed the requisite is. Final professional medical examination. At the time of the interview, such candidates will have to produce a certificate from the University/Institute stating that they have fulfilled all the requirements (including completion of internship) for the award of the medical degree.


Number of Attempts Criteria for IPS

The following table show you the number of attempt criteria to become an IPS officer.

CategoryNumber of Attempts 
General | EWS6
SC/STNo restriction
Physically Handicapped (General & EWS)9
Physically Handicapped (OBC)9
Physically Handicapped (SC/ST)No restriction




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