IES Exam Syllabus 2022 has been released by Union Public Services Commission alongside the notification. The syllabus has been similar over the years.
In this article, I will be going to cover the detailed IES Exam Syllabus of General Studies and Engineering Aptitude, Civil, Electrical, Mechanical, Electronics & Telecommunication Subjects.
So, read the full article and Also download the IES exam syllabus pdf for your better preparation.
IES Exam Syllabus and level of difficulty within the examination are going to be supported the engineering graduation curriculum.
Candidates need to indicate their opted discipline within the form. The question paper is going to be supported the engineering discipline opted by the candidate.
However, the IES Prelims exam will have General Studies and Engineering Aptitude paper which is common for each candidate.
The standard of paper in General Studies and Engineering Aptitude (Preliminary Stage-I Examination) will be such as may be expected of an Engineering/Science Graduate.
The standard of papers in other subjects will approximately be that of an Engineering Degree Examination of an Indian University. There will be no practical examination in any of the subjects.
IES Exam Syllabus- General Studies and Engineering Aptitude
(Preliminary Examination/Stage-I, Paper I, Objective type, Common to all Candidates)
- Current issues of national and international importance relating to social, economic, and industrial development
- Engineering Aptitude covering Logical reasoning and Analytical ability
- Engineering Mathematics and Numerical Analysis
- General Principles of Design, Drawing, Importance of Safety
- Standards and Quality practices in production, construction, maintenance, and services
- Basics of Energy and Environment: Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, Climate Change, Environmental impact assessment
- Basics of Project Management
- Basics of Material Science and Engineering
- Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based tools and their applications in Engineering such as networking, e-governance, and technology-based education.
- Ethics and values in the Engineering profession.
Note: The General Studies and Engineering Aptitude paper will consist of knowledge of relevant subjects as can be expected from an engineering graduate without specialized study. Questions will be set from all the 10 subjects mentioned above. The marks for each subject can range from 5% to 15% of the total marks in the paper.
IES Exam Syllabus- Civil Engineering
Contents for syllabi of both the Papers together for Preliminary Examination/Stage-I (objective type Paper-II) and separately for Main/Stage-II Examination (Conventional type Paper-I and Paper-II).
Read full section to know about civil engineering subject IES Exam syllabus.
PAPER – I
- Building Materials:
- Stone, Lime, Glass, Plastics, Steel, FRP, Ceramics, Aluminum, Fly Ash, Basic Admixtures, Timber, Bricks, and Aggregates: Classification, properties and selection criteria;
- Cement: Types, Composition, Properties,
- Uses, Specifications and various Tests; Lime & Cement Mortars and Concrete:
- Properties and various Tests; Design of Concrete Mixes:
- Proportioning of aggregates and methods of mix design.
- Solid Mechanics:
- Elastic constants, Stress,
- Plane stress, Strains, plane strain,
- Mohr’s circle of stress and strain,
- Elastic theories of failure,
- Principal Stresses, Bending, Shear and Torsion.
- Basics of the strength of materials, Types of stresses and strains, Bending moments and shear force,
- The concept of bending and shear stresses;
- Analysis of determinate and indeterminate structures; Trusses, beams, plane frames;
- Rolling loads, Influence Lines, Unit load method & other methods;
- Free and Forced vibrations of single degree and multi-degree freedom system;
- Suspended Cables; Concepts and use of Computer-Aided Design.
- Design of Steel Structures:
- Principles of Working Stress methods,
- Design of tension and compression members,
- Design of beams and beam-column connections,
- built-up sections, Girders, Industrial roofs, Principles of Ultimate load design.
- Design of Concrete and Masonry structures:
Limit state design for bending, shear, axial compression and combined forces; Design of beams, Slabs, Lintels, Foundations, Retaining walls, Tanks, Staircases; Principles of pre-stressed concrete design including materials and methods; Earthquake resistant design of structures; Design of Masonry Structure.
- Construction Practice, Planning, and Management:
- Construction – Planning, Equipment, Site investigation and Management including Estimation with the latest project management tools and network analysis for different types of works;
- Analysis of Rates of various types of works;
- Tendering Process and Contract Management, Quality Control, Productivity, Operation Cost;
- Land acquisition; Labour safety and welfare.
- The flow of Fluids, Hydraulic Machines, and Hydro Power:
(a) Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel Flow, Pipe Flow:
- Fluid properties; Dimensional Analysis and Modeling;
- Fluid dynamics including flow kinematics and measurements;
- Flow net; Viscosity, Boundary layer and control, Drag, Lift,
- Principles in open channel flow, Flow controls.
- Hydraulic jump; Surges; Pipe networks.
(b) Hydraulic Machines and Hydropower –
- Various pumps, Air vessels, Hydraulic turbines – types,
- classifications & performance parameters;
- Powerhouse – classification and layout, storage, pondage, control of supply.
- Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering:
- Hydrological cycle, Ground water hydrology,
- Well, hydrology and related data analysis;
- Streams and their gauging; River morphology;
- Flood, drought and their management; Capacity of Reservoirs.
Water Resources Engineering: Multipurpose uses of Water, River basins and their potential;
- Irrigation systems, water demand assessment;
- Resources – storages and their yields; Waterlogging, canal and drainage design,
- Gravity dams falls, weirs, Energy dissipaters, barrage Distribution works,
- Cross drainage works and head-works and their design;
- Concepts in canal design, construction & maintenance;
- River training, measurement, and analysis of rainfall.
- Environmental Engineering:
(a) Water Supply Engineering:
- Sources, Estimation, quality standards and testing of water and their treatment;
- Rural, Institutional and industrial water supply;
- Physical, chemical and biological characteristics and sources of water,
- Pollutants in water and its effects, Estimation of water demand;
- Drinking water Standards, Water Treatment Plants, Water distribution networks.
(b) Waste Water Engineering:
- Planning & design of domestic wastewater, sewage collection and disposal;
- Plumbing Systems. Components and layout of sewerage system;
- Planning & design of Domestic Waste-water disposal system;
- Sludge management including treatment, disposal and re-use of treated effluents;
- Industrial wastewaters and Effluent Treatment Plants including institutional and industrial sewage management.
(c) Solid Waste Management:
- Sources & classification of solid wastes along with planning & design of its management system;
- Disposal system, Beneficial aspects of wastes and Utilization by Civil Engineers.
(d) Air, Noise pollution and Ecology:
Concepts & general methodology.
- Geotechnical Engineering and Foundation Engineering :
(a) Geo-technical Engineering:
- Soil exploration – planning & methods, Properties of soil, classification, various tests and interrelationships;
- Permeability & Seepage, Compressibility, consolidation and Shearing resistance, Earth pressure theories and stress distribution in soil;
- Properties and uses of geo-synthetics.
- Types of foundations & selection criteria, bearing capacity,
- settlement analysis, design, and testing of shallow & deep foundations;
- Slope stability analysis, Earthen embankments, Dams, and Earth retaining structures:
- types, analysis and design, Principles of ground modifications.
- Surveying and Geology:
- Classification of surveys, various methodologies, instruments & analysis of measurement of distances, elevation and directions;
- Field astronomy, Global Positioning System;
- Map preparation; Photogrammetry;
- Remote sensing concepts;
- Survey Layout for culverts, canals, bridges, road/railway alignment and buildings, Setting out of Curves.
Basic knowledge of Engineering geology & its application in projects.
- Transportation Engineering:
Highways – Planning & construction methodology, Alignment and geometric design; Traffic Surveys and Controls; Principles of Flexible and Rigid pavements design.
Tunneling – Alignment, methods of construction, disposal of muck, drainage, lighting and ventilation.
Railways Systems – Terminology, Planning, designs and maintenance practices; track modernization. Harbors – Terminology, layouts and planning.
Airports – Layout, planning & design.
IES Exam syllabus- Mechanical Engineering
In this section, we are going to cover the Mechanical engineering subject IES Exam syllabus.
PAPER – I
- Fluid Mechanics:
- Basic Concepts and Properties of Fluids, Manometry, Fluid Statics, Buoyancy,
- Equations of Motion, Bernoulli’s equation, and applications,
- The viscous flow of incompressible fluids,
- Laminar and Turbulent flows, Flow through pipes, and head losses in pipes.
- Thermodynamics and Heat transfer:
- Thermodynamic systems and processes; properties of pure substance;
- Zeroth, First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics;
- Entropy, Irreversibility and availability;
- analysis of thermodynamic cycles related to energy conversion: Rankine, Otto, Diesel and Dual Cycles;
- ideal and real gases; compressibility factor;
- Gas mixtures. Modes of heat transfer, Steady and unsteady heat conduction,
- Thermal resistance, Fins, Free and forced convection,
- Correlations for convective heat transfer,
- Radiative heat transfer – Radiation heat transfer coefficient;
- boiling and condensation, Heat exchanger performance analysis
- IC Engines, Refrigeration and Air conditioning:
- SI and CI Engines, Engine Systems and Components,
- Performance characteristics and testing of IC Engines;
- Fuels; Emissions and Emission Control. Vapour compression refrigeration, Refrigerants, and Working cycles,
- Compressors, Condensers, Evaporators and Expansion devices,
- Other types of refrigeration systems like Vapour Absorption, Vapour jet, thermoelectric, and Vortex tube refrigeration.
- Psychometric properties and processes, Comfort chart, Comfort and industrial air conditioning, Load calculations, and Heat pumps.
- Turbo Machinery:
- Reciprocating and Rotary pumps, Pelton wheel, Kaplan and Francis Turbines,
- velocity diagrams, Impulse and Reaction principles, Steam and Gas Turbines,
- Theory of Jet Propulsion – Pulse jet and Ram Jet Engines,
- Reciprocating and Rotary Compressors – Theory and Applications
- Power Plant Engineering:
- Rankine and Brayton cycles with regeneration and reheat,
- Fuels and their properties, Flue gas analysis, Boilers, steam turbines, and
- other power plant components like condensers, air ejectors, electrostatic precipitators, and cooling towers – their theory and design, types and applications;
- Renewable Sources of Energy:
- Solar Radiation, Solar Thermal Energy collection – Flat Plate and focusing collectors their materials and performance.
- Solar Thermal Energy Storage, Applications – heating, cooling and Power Generation;
- Solar Photovoltaic Conversion;
- The harnessing of Wind Energy, Bio-mass, and Tidal Energy – Methods and Applications, Working principles of Fuel Cells.
- Engineering Mechanics:
- Analysis of System of Forces, Friction, Centroid and Centre of Gravity, Dynamics;
- Stresses and Strains-Compound Stresses and Strains,
- Bending Moment and Shear Force Diagrams,
- Theory of Bending Stresses-Slope and deflection-Torsion, Thin and thick Cylinders, Spheres.
- Engineering Materials:
- Basic Crystallography, Alloys, and Phase diagrams,
- Heat Treatment, Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals,
- Nonmetallic materials, Basics of Nano-materials,
- Mechanical Properties and Testing, Corrosion prevention and control
- Mechanisms and Machines:
- Types of Kinematics Pair, Mobility, Inversions, Kinematic Analysis,
- Velocity and Acceleration Analysis of Planar Mechanisms,
- CAMs with uniform acceleration and retardation, cycloidal motion, oscillating followers;
- Vibrations –Free and forced vibration of undamped and damped SDOF systems, Transmissibility Ratio, Vibration Isolation, Critical Speed of Shafts.
- Gears – Geometry of tooth profiles, Law of gearing, Involute profile, Interference, Helical, Spiral and Worm Gears, Gear Trains- Simple, compound and Epicyclic;
- Dynamic Analysis – Slider – crank mechanisms, turning moment computations, balancing of Revolving & Reciprocating masses,
- Gyroscopes –Effect of Gyroscopic couple on automobiles, ships, and aircraft, Governors.
- Design of Machine Elements:
- Design for static and dynamic loading
- failure theories; fatigue strength and the S-N diagram;
- principles of the design of machine elements such as riveted, welded, and bolted joints.
- Shafts, Spur gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings, Brakes, and clutches, flywheels.
- Manufacturing, Industrial and Maintenance Engineering:
- Metal casting-Metal forming, Metal Joining, Machining, and machine tool operations,
- Limits fit, and tolerances, Metrology, and inspection, computer Integrated manufacturing,
- FMS, Production planning and Control, Inventory control and operations research – CPM-PERT.
- Failure concepts and characteristics-Reliability, Failure analysis, Machine Vibration,
- Data acquisition, Fault Detection, Vibration Monitoring,
- Field Balancing of Rotors, Noise Monitoring, Wear and Debris Analysis,
- Signature Analysis, NDT Techniques in Condition Monitoring.
- Mechatronics and Robotics:
- Microprocessors and Microcontrollers: Architecture, programming, I/O, Computer interfacing, Programmable logic controller.
- Sensors and actuators, Piezoelectric accelerometer, Hall effect sensor,
- Optical Encoder, Resolver, Inductosyn, Pneumatic, and Hydraulic actuators,
- stepper motor, Control Systems- Mathematical modeling of Physical systems, control signals, controllability, and observability.
- Robotics, Robot Classification, Robot Specification, notation;
- Direct and Inverse Kinematics;
- Homogeneous Coordinates and Arm Equation of four Axis SCARA Robot
IES Exam syllabus- Electrical Engineering
Read this section, to know about the IES Exam syllabus of the Electrical Engineering subject.
PAPER – I
- Engineering Mathematics
- Matrix theory, Eigen values & Eigen vectors, a system of linear equations,
- Numerical methods for the solution of non-linear algebraic equations and differential equations,
- integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, Line, Surface and Volume Integrals.
- Fourier series, linear, nonlinear, and partial differential equations, initial and boundary value problems,
- complex variables, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, residue theorem,
- probability and statistics fundamentals, Sampling theorem,
- random variables, Normal and Poisson distributions, correlation, and regression analysis.
- Electrical Materials
- Electrical Engineering Materials, crystal structures, and defects,
- ceramic materials, insulating materials, magnetic materials – basics, properties, and applications;
- ferries, ferromagnetic materials, and components; basics of solid-state physics, conductors;
- Basics of Nanomaterials and Superconductors.
- Electric Circuits and Fields
- Circuit elements, network graph, KCL, KVL, Node, and Mesh analysis,
- ideal current and voltage sources, Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Superposition and Maximum Power Transfer theorems,
- transient response of DC and AC networks, Sinusoidal steady-state analysis,
- basic filter concepts, two-port networks, three-phase circuits, Magnetically coupled circuits,
- Gauss Theorem, electric field and potential due to point, line, plane,
- and spherical charge distributions, Ampere’s and Biot-Savart’s laws;
- inductance, dielectrics, capacitance; Maxwell’s equations.
- Electrical and Electronic Measurements:
- Principles of measurement, accuracy, precision, and standards;
- Bridges and potentiometers;
- moving coil, moving iron, dynamometer, and induction type instruments,
- measurement of voltage, current, power, energy, and power factor,
- instrument transformers, digital voltmeters and multimeters,
- phase, time and frequency measurement, Q-meters, oscilloscopes, potentiometric recorders,
- error analysis, Basics of sensors, Transducers, basics of data acquisition systems
- Computer Fundamentals:
- Number systems, Boolean algebra, arithmetic functions,
- Basic Architecture, Central Processing Unit, I/O and Memory Organisation;
- peripheral devices, data representation, and programming,
- basics of Operating system and networking, virtual memory, file systems;
- Elements of programming languages, typical examples.
- Basic Electronics Engineering:
- Basics of Semiconductor diodes and transistors and characteristics,
- Junction and field-effect transistors (BJT, FET, and MOSFETS),
- different types of transistor amplifiers, equivalent circuits, and frequency response;
- oscillators and other circuits, feedback amplifiers.
- Analog and Digital Electronics:
- Operational amplifiers – characteristics and applications, combinational and sequential logic circuits, multiplexers,
- Multi-vibrators, sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters, basics of filter circuits and applications, simple active filters;
- Microprocessor basics- interfaces and applications, basics of linear integrated circuits;
- Analog communication basics, Modulation, and demodulation, noise and bandwidth,
- transmitters and receivers, signal to noise ratio, digital communication basics, sampling, quantizing, coding, frequency and time domain multiplexing,
- power line carrier communication systems.
- Systems and Signal Processing :
- Representation of continuous and discrete-time signals,
- Shifting and scaling operations, linear, time-invariant, and causal systems,
- Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals,
- sampling theorem, Fourier and Laplace transform, Z transforms,
- Discrete Fourier, transform, FFT, linear convolution,
- discrete cosine transform, FIR filter, IIR filter, bilinear transformation.
- Control Systems:
- Principles of feedback, transfer function, block diagrams and signal flow graphs, steady-state errors, transforms and their applications;
- Routh-Hurwitz criterion, Nyquist techniques, Bode plots, root loci, lag, lead and lead-lag compensation,
- stability analysis, transient and frequency response analysis, state-space model, state transition matrix,
- controllability and observability, linear state variable feedback, PID and industrial controllers.
- Electrical Machines :
- Single-phase transformers, three-phase transformers – connections, parallel operation, auto-transformer, energy conversion principles,
- DC machines – types, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction, and commutation,
- starting and speed control of motors, Induction motors – principles, types,
- performance characteristics, starting and speed control,
- Synchronous machines – performance, regulation, parallel operation of generators, motor starting, characteristics and applications, servo and stepper motors.
- Power Systems :
- Basic power generation concepts, steam, gas, and water turbines,
- transmission line models and performance, cable performance, insulation,
- corona, and radio interference, power factor correction, symmetrical components, fault analysis,
- principles of protection systems, basics of solid-state relays, and digital protection;
- Circuit breakers, Radial and ring-main distribution systems, Matrix representation of power systems, load flow analysis,
- voltage control, and economic operation, System stability concepts, Swing curves and equal area criterion.
- HVDC transmission and FACTS concepts, Concepts of power system dynamics, distributed generation,
- solar and wind power, smart grid concepts, environmental implications, fundamentals of power economics.
- Power Electronics and Drives :
- Semiconductor power diodes, transistors, thyristors, triacs, GTOs, MOSFETs and
- IGBTs – static characteristics and principles of operation, triggering circuits, phase control rectifiers, bridge converters – fully controlled and half controlled,
- principles of choppers and inverters, basic concepts of adjustable speed dc and ac drives,
- DC-DC switched-mode converters, DC-AC switched-mode converters,
- resonant converters, high-frequency inductors and transformers, power supplies.
IES Exam syllabus- Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering
Here, I will show you the IES Exam syllabus of electronics & telecommunication engineering Subjects.
PAPER – I
- Basic Electronics Engineering:
- Basics of semiconductors; Diode/Transistor basics and characteristics;
- Diodes for different uses; Junction & Field Effect Transistors (BJTs, JFETs, MOSFETs);
- Transistor amplifiers of different types, oscillators, and other circuits;
- Basics of Integrated Circuits (ICs);
- Bipolar, MOS and CMOS ICs; Basics of linear ICs, operational amplifiers and their applications-linear/non-linear;
- Optical sources/detectors; Basics of Optoelectronics and its applications.
- Basic Electrical Engineering:
- DC circuits ohm’s & Kirchoff’s laws, mesh and nodal analysis, circuit theorems;
- Electromagnetism, Faraday’s & Lenz’s laws, induced EMF and its uses;
- Single-phase AC circuits; Transformers, efficiency;
- Basics- DC machines, induction machines, and synchronous machines;
- Electrical power sources- basics:
- hydroelectric, thermal, nuclear, wind, solar; Basics of batteries and their uses.
- Materials Science:
- Electrical Engineering materials; Crystal structure & defects;
- Ceramic materials-structures, composites, processing and uses;
- Insulating laminates for electronics, structures, properties and uses;
- Magnetic materials, basics, classification, ferrites, ferro/para-magnetic materials and components;
- Nano materials-basics, preparation, purification, sintering, nanoparticles and uses;
- Nano-optical/magnetic/electronic materials and uses; Superconductivity uses.
- Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation:
- Principles of measurement, accuracy, precision, and standards;
- Analog and Digital systems for measurement, measuring instruments for different applications;
- Static/dynamic characteristics of measurement systems, errors, statistical analysis and curve fitting
- Measurement systems for non-electrical quantities;
- Basics of telemetry; Different types of transducers and displays;
- Data acquisition system basics.
- Network Theory:
- Network graphs & matrices; Wye-Delta transformation;
- Linear constant coefficient differential equations- time-domain analysis of RLC circuits;
- Solution of network equations using Laplace transforms- frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits;
- 2-port network parameters-driving point & transfer functions;
- State equations for networks; Steady state sinusoidal analysis.
- Analog and Digital Circuits:
- Small signal equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTS and FETs;
- Diode circuits for different uses;
- Biasing & stability of BJT & JFET amplifier circuits; Analysis/design of amplifier- single/multi-stage;
- Feedback& uses; Active filters, timers, multipliers, waveshaping
- A/D-D/A converters; Boolean Algebra& uses;
- Logic gates, Digital IC families, Combinatorial/sequential circuits;
- Basics of multiplexers, counters/registers/ memories /microprocessors, design& applications.
- Analog and Digital Communication Systems:
- Random signals, noise, probability theory, information theory;
- Analog versus digital communication & applications: Systems- AM, FM, transmitters/receivers, theory/practice/ standards, SNR comparison;
- Digital communication basics: Sampling, quantizing, coding, PCM, DPCM, multiplexing-audio/video;
- Digital modulation: ASK, FSK, PSK; Multiple access: TDMA, FDMA, CDMA;
- Optical communication: fibre optics, theory, practice/standards.
- Control Systems:
- Classification of signals and systems;
- Application of signal and system theory; System realization;
- Transforms& their applications; Signal flow graphs, Routh-Hurwitz criteria,
- root loci, Nyquist/Bode plots;
- Feedback systems-open &close loop types, stability analysis, steady-state, transient and frequency response analysis;
- Design of control systems, compensators, elements of lead/lag compensation, PID and industrial controllers.
- Computer Organization and Architecture:
- The basic architecture, CPU, I/O organization, memory organization, peripheral devices, trends;
- Hardware /software issues;
- Data representation& Programming; Operating systems-basics, processes, characteristics, applications;
- Memory management, virtual memory, file systems, protection & security;
- Databases, different types, characteristics, and design;
- Transactions and concurrency control; Elements of programming languages, typical examples.
- Electro Magnetics:
- Elements of vector calculus, Maxwell’s equations-basic concepts;
- Gauss’, Stokes’ theorems; Wave propagation through different media;
- Transmission Lines-different types, basics, Smith’s chart, impedance matching/transformation,
- S-parameters, pulse excitation, uses; Waveguides-basics, rectangular types, modes, cut-off frequency, dispersion, dielectric types;
- Antennas-radiation pattern, monopoles/dipoles, gain, arrays-active/passive, theory, uses.
- Advanced Electronics Topics:
- VLSI technology: Processing, lithography, interconnects, packaging, testing;
- VLSI design: Principles, MUX/ROM/PLA-based design, Moore & Mealy circuit design; Pipeline concepts & functions;
- Design for testability, examples;
- DSP: Discrete-time signals/systems, uses;
- Digital filters: FIR/IIR types, design, speech/audio/radar signal processing uses;
- Microprocessors & microcontrollers, basics, interrupts, DMA, instruction sets, interfacing; Controllers & uses; Embedded systems.
- Advanced Communication Topics:
- Communication networks: Principles /practices /technologies /uses /OSI model/security;
- Basic packet multiplexed streams/scheduling;
- Cellular networks, types, analysis, protocols (TCP/TCPIP);
- Microwave & satellite communication: Terrestrial/space type LOS systems, block schematics link calculations, system design;
- Communication satellites, orbits, characteristics, systems, use;
- Fiber-optic communication systems, block schematics, link calculations, system design.
Frequently Asked Question-
Question-Is IES tougher than IAS?
Answer- Both exams conducted by UPSC. Both require lots of preparation, mental strength, and dedication. IES exam is slightly easier than IAS.
Question: Can an average student crack IES?
Answer: Yes, It is not necessary that only intelligent students can crack the IES exam. It depends on your interest, dedication, and hard work.