How to Become a Judge after the 12th?

how to become a judge

The route to becoming a reputed and revered Judge is not simple. It entails dedicated hard work to lead a auspicious and secure career. Almost every other Candidate wishes to become a judge in their career. Hence, to attain the prominent position of a Judge. You need to have a Law Graduate Degree from a genuine law school. Next, either you clear Judicial Service Examination or gain Experience of more than 15 years by practising law from a Sub-judge to the position of a Judge. To become a Judge after the 12th Standard, you need to enrol in 3 or 5 Years of integrated law courses. Either by clearing the Law Entrance Exam like CLAT, AILET, DU LLB, LSAT, etc. or by taking admission to the top Private institutions commonly known as Self-Fledged Schools. So, you can Kick-Start your Preparation by Enrolling in the Best CLAT Coaching Institutes.

How to Become a Judge in India after the 12th?

Step 1: Procure a Bachelor of Law (LLB) Degree
After the accomplishment of the 12th Standard, Students who want to pursue their career as a Judge should join 3 or 5 Years of integrated Law Courses. Thus, Candidates should appear in the law Entrance Exams such as CLAT, AILET, DU LLB, and other state Law Exams. After clearing these Law Exams, Student is eligible for the 3 or 5 Years of integrated law courses from top law schools. Or the Aspirants attain a degree from the Top Private Institutions. Hence, candidates must own an LLB Degree to pursue a career as a Judge.

Step 2: Qualify for the Judicial Service Examination
After earning an LLB Degree, Candidates must prepare for the Judicial Services Examination or PCS (J), which is generally known as Provincial Civil Service Judicial Examination. Usually, Judicial Services Examination is conducted by 24 States to appoint their judicial official under the administration of the Honorable high court and state government. Through this PCS (J) Exam, law graduates occupy positions in the subordinate judiciary. It is the only process by which fresh law graduates can become Subordinate Court judges.

There are two phases of Judicial Services Examinations –

  • Lower Judicial Services (LJS)
  • Higher Judicial Services (HJS)

Both the Judicial Services follow these 3 phases of the recruitment process. Given Below are the 3 phases of the Judicial Exam:

1. Preliminary Examination – The Preliminary round consists of objective-based questions, I.e. Multiple Choice Questions. The Minimum Passing percentage needed for the general candidates is 60 per cent, and for the reserved category, 55 per cent.

2. Main Examination – The Main phase is of subjective mode. In this phase, candidates are entrusted with subject-based questions and answers. Candidates must score at least 40% in each subjective paper to qualify for the next round.

3. Viva Voice (Interview) – The last phase is the Interview round, adding up to the recruitment process.

Lower Judicial Services (LJS)
You must gain an LLB Degree and sign up as an advocate under the Advocate’ Act 1961 to be eligible to appear in this LJS Examination. Even final-year students can appear in this LJS Exam without Experience. This LJS Exam is held to appoint Civil Judges for the Judicial Proceedings in various state courts in India. This LJS Exam is held by the State Public Service Commission (SPSC) or the High Court.
Eligibility: Candidates must have a 3-year integrated LLB degree or a 5-year integrated LLB degree.
Age Limit: The Age of Candidates is not required to be below 21 years; the lower and upper limits are not above 35 years. Relaxation in the upper age limit is endowed to candidates based on their respective OBC/SC/ST/PwD categories per government norms. Nonetheless, the Age limit of the candidates may vary from State to State.
Syllabus: For the syllabus, refer to the official website of the commissions that conduct the annual LJS Examination. The Syllabus of the Lower Judicial Services (LJS) Examination is based on the law subjects such as the Indian Penal Code (IPC), Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), Code of Civil Procedure (CPC), Civil Law, Constitutional Law, Property Law, and others with insertion of local laws. Other sections, such as English, General Knowledge, Current Affairs, and State’s local language, are also enclosed in the syllabus.

Higher Judicial Services (HJS)

This HJS Examination entails that you must be a law graduate and at least have seven years of Experience litigating law practice. Higher Judicial Services Examination is led mainly to promote Civil Judges to District Judges or appoint Advocates as District Judges. Each advocate practising the law proceedings must have cleared the All India Bar Examination.
Eligibility: By profession, the Candidate must be an Advocate and must have Experienced in practising law for at least seven continuous years. Nevertheless, the eligibility criteria for a candidate’s Experience may vary from State to State.
Age Limit: The Age limit of Candidates is required not to be less than 35 years of age and not above 45 years of age. Nonetheless, the age limit may vary from State to State.
Syllabus: The Syllabus of the Higher Judicial Services (HJS) Examination is very much like the syllabus of the Lower Judicial Services (LJS) Examination. Performing for Higher Judicial Services (HJS) Examination has a marginal big hand over the LJS Examination applicants may get posted as an additional district judge. As a result, it elevates the promotional tendency of being a Judge.

How can you Become a Judge in Supreme Court in India?

The Supreme court is the Summit Juridical domain in our constitution of India. Supreme Court is the highest court for Juridical Procedures under the Indian Constitution of India. The topmost position in the hierarchy of judicial pillars preserves the final decision-making power in all legal matters.

Qualifications of Becoming a Judge in the Supreme Court in India:

  • They must be an inhabitant person of India.
  • They need to have a valid LLB or LLM Degree.
  • They required a judge of a High Court for the last five years, or they ought to have been an advocate of a High Court for at least ten years.

Besides this, an applicant is also eligible even when they are an exceptional jurist, according to the president of India.

How can you Become a Judge in High Court in India?

High Courts hold the Judicial measures of States. There are approximately 25 High Courts present in India. For Each State and Union Territory of India, the supreme court of appellate jurisdiction is High Court.
Qualifications of Becoming a Judge in High Court in India

  • The Candidate must be an inhabitant person of India.
  • They need to have a valid LLB or LLM degree.
  • They must work under a judicial office in India for a minimum period of 10 years, or they must have been an advocate of a high court for the last ten years.

Can you Become a Judge without giving any Exams?

Yes, Under the procedure of “Elevation”, you can become a Judge within a significant period. In this procedure, the collegium of Judges appoints the honourable senior advocates. These honourable senior advocates are consigned to the office of High Courts or Supreme Courts without appearing in any competitive Exam.

Final Verdict:
The Job of a Judge contains a considerable extent of Prestige in terms of imminent Decision-making, Responsibility, and Up to date with the current scenario. Hence, after going through the article, you must have learned about the career path after the 12th or “How to Become a Judge after the 12th class”. We have tried our best to offer detailed and conceivable content to you. Though, if you still have any doubts regarding the above section, you comment in the comment section. Your query will be replied to shortly within 24 hours.

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I am a student working as a content writer since my college days. This has often served as my flexibility. I have appeared in many government recruitment exams including SSC, Banking, Railway, WBPSC, and many more. Alas! I have not made it to the final merit list for anyone; I am still an active government job aspirant. The best part is that you have got such a mixed experience of content writing and government exams. I write this content so that lakhs of job aspirants like me can benefit from it. I hope that my government exam material will be the connecting link between aspiration for a government job and the actual selection.


  1. Thanks for sharing this valuable article with us. please bring an article dedicated to clat exam preparation and how can we prepare clat without going institutes.


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